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: p`acaIna ba`a*maNa dSa-na :


   Aayaao-M ko Baart maoM Aanao sao pUva- isanQau GaaTI Aqaa-t ]pa%yaka maoM AsaIiryaaÊ maosaaopaoTaimayaa kI samasaamaiyak ek saBya maUla – inavaasaI samaaja rhta qaaÊ ijanhoM naaga – d`ivaD, samaudaya ko naama sao jaanaa jaata qaa. sar jaana maaSa-la ko matanausaar – Aayaao-M nao [na naaga – d`ivaD,aoM kao prast kr lagaBaga 1800 [-saa pUva- isanQau ]pa%yaka maoM Apnaa AaiQap%ya jamaayaa. maaohna – jaaodD,ao AaOr hD,Ppa kI Kuda[yaaoM sao pta calata hOÊ ik Aayaao- ko Aanao sao pUva- Baart maoM kRiYaÊ iSalp evaM vaaiNajya ko AByast vyavasaayaI rhto qao. tama` evaM pItla yauga maoM rhto hue BaI ]nhaMonao kafI ]nnait kI qaI. ]naka ek saaMgaaopaMga Qama- qaaÊ jaao ek trh kI ica~ – ilaip qaI. yaVip ica~ – ilaip maoM jaao maud`ae^ AaOr dUsarI laoKna saamaga`I imalaI hO ]sao ABaI tk pZ,a nahIM jaa sakaÊ laoikna dUsarI prIxaaAaoM sao maalaUma haota hO ik isanQau – GaaTI kI saByata Asaur ³jaao saurapana nahIM krto qao´ AaOr kaldI saByata ko samakailak hI nahIMÊ varna ]nakI BaiganaI saByata qaI.

    Aayaao-M ka saaih%ya AaOr kala :

    Aayaao-M ka p`acaIna saaih%ya vaod hO. jaoimaina ³300 [-,´ ko Anausaar vaod – maM~ AaOr ba`a*maNa dao BaagaaoM maoM ivaBa@t hO. saMskRt maoM ilaKo gayao SlaaokaoMÊ jaao Aaya- dovataAaoM ko stuit hOM – maM~ khlaato hOM. maM~aoM ko saMga`h kao saMihta khto hOM. ?ga\Ê yajauÊ saamaÊ Aqava- caaraoM vaodaoM kI ApnaI – ApnaI maM~ saMihtae^ hOM. maM~aoM ko vyaa#yaana³Aqa-´ kao ba`a*maNa kha jaata hO. Aayaao-M ko ivacaaraoM va ]nako saamaaijak vyavasqaaAaoM tqaa AarMiBak Avasqaa ko baaro maoMÊ jaao ilaiKt saamaga`I imalatI hOÊ vah maM~ ³saMihta´ ba`a*maNa AaOr AarNyak tIna BaagaaoM maoM ivaBa@t hO. vaOidk saaih%ya tqaa kma-kaMD ko saMrxakaoM ko AapsaI matBaodaoM ko karNa Aaya- Alaga – Alaga saMp`daya hao gayao [nhIM kao SaaKa kha jaata hO. hr ek SaaKa kI ApnaI – ApnaI Alaga saMihtaÊ ba`a*maNa AaOr AarNyak hOM. jaOsao yajauvao-d kI tO%trIya SaaKa kI tO%trIya saMihta tO%trIya ba`a*maNa AaOr tO%trIya AarNyak hO.

    AMigara ko paO~ tqaa baRhspit ko pu~Ê BaarWaja ka samaya 1500 [-ºpUº hO. yahI Baart maMo Aayaao- ka p`vaoSa kala rha hO. BaarWaja jaao ]%tr pMcaala Aqaa-t $holaKMD ko rajaa idvaaodasa ko puraoiht qao. ivaSvaaima~ ka dixaNa pMcaala ³Aagara kimaSnarI ka AiQak Baaga´Ê sao saMbaMQa qaa. vaiSaYz ka ku$ ³maorz AaOr Ambaalaa kimaSnairyaaoM ko AiQak Baaga´ rajaa ko raja – puraoiht sao saMbaMQa qaa. ?gvaod ko maM~kta- va ?iYayaaoM maoM sabasao puranao ivaSvaaima~Ê vaiSaYzÊ BaarWajaÊ gaaOtma ³dIGa-tmaa´Ê Ai~ Aaid hOMÊ jaao ]nako Ch – saat pIiZ,yaaoM ka kRit hOM.

— AMigara 1800 [-svaI pUva-
— baRhspit 1520 [-ºpUva-
— BaarWaja 1500 [-ºpUº
— ivadqaI
— nar 1460 [-º pUº
— saMkRit 1440 [-º pUº
— gaaOrvaIit 1420 [-º pUº ³rintdova´

    baRhspitÊ BaarWajaÊ nar AaOr gaaOrvaIit [namaoM sao ?gvaod ko ?iYa hOM. ba`a*maNaaoM AaOr AarNyakaoM ko bananao ka samaya saatvaIM AaOr CzvaIM SadI [-saa pUva- tk pta calata hO. Baart maoM Aanao sao pUva- Aayaao-M ka phlaa pD,ava kabaula AaOr svaat naidyaaoM kI ]pa%yakayaoM ³Afgaainastana´ qaa. dUsara basaora saPt isaMQaU ³pMjaaba´ maoM AaOr tIsara basaora piScamaI yau@t p`aMt yaa gaMgaa yamaunaa kI maOdanaI ]ba-r ]pa%yakayaoM qaa. Saayad [saIilae p`yaaga AaOr ³sarsvatI´ GaaGara ko baIca ko p`doSa kao Aayaao- nao Aaya-vat- evaM bahut punaIt kha AaOr AiQakaMSa tIqa- sqala [saI xao~ maoM banaayao gayao.

    Aaya-vat- maoM basanao kI AarMiBak Avasqaa maoM ]nako BaItr vaNa-Baod ³rMgaBaod´ yaa jaaityaa^ bananao ja$r lagaI qaIÊ ikntu vah Aisqar evaM trla Avasqaa maoM qaI. AiQak Sauw r@tvaalaoÊ Aaya- – ba`a*maNa yaa xai~ya qao. Aaya- Baart ko maUlainavaaisayaaoM ko r@t imaEaNa sao bacanaa caahto qao. kovala ivaSvaaima~ hI rajapu~ xai~ya haoto hue ?iYa nahIM hao gayaoÊ bailk ba`a*maNa BaarWajaaoM ko paO~aOM sauhao~ AaOr Saunahao~ kI AgalaI saarI saMtanaoM ËmaSa: ku$ AaOr pMcaala kI xai~ya Saasak qaa. ba`a*maNaÊ xai~ya hao sakta qaa AaOr xai~yaÊ ba`a*maNa hao sakta qaa. tba vaNa- vyavasqaa A%yaMt lacaIlaa qaa. ]sa samaya kRiYa }naI vas~ tqaa vyaapar Kuba cala rha qaaÊ tao BaI pSaupalana ivaSaoYakr gaaopalana jaao ik maaMsaÊ dUQaÊ hla calaanaa tInaaoM ko ilae bahut ]pyaaogaI qaa. ]sa va@t ko Aayaao-M ka KaV raoTIÊ caavalaÊ dUQaÊ dhIÊ GaIÊ maaMsa ijasamaoM gaaomaaMsa ³baCD,o ka maaMsa ip`yatma´ bahup`cailat KaV pdaqa- qaa. maaMsa pkayaa AaOr BaunaaÊ daonaaoM trh ka haota qaa. gamaa- – garma saUp ³maaMsa ka rsa´ Aayaao-M ka p`Qaana poya qaa. saaoma ³BaaMga Aqavaa naSaIlaa pdaqa-´ ka rsa ]nako ip`ya panaaoM maoM qaa. naSaapana ko saaqa naR%ya ]nako manaaorMjana ka ek ip`ya ivaYaya qaa. vahIM doSavaasaI Kasakr laaoharÊ tama`karÊ baZ,[-Ê rqakarÊ kumharÊ baunakr iSalpkar Aaid Apnao vyavasaaya kao krto qao.

    isanQau kI puranaI saByata maoM maosaaopaoTaimayaa AaOr imaEa kI Baa^it vaOyai@tk dovata tqaa ]nakI p`itmaayaoM yaa saMkot BaI banato qao. ikntu Aayaao-M kao vah psand na qaoÊ Kasakr Apnao p`ityaaogaI isanQauvaaisayaaoM kI iSavailaMga pUjaa kao GaRNaa kI dRiYT sao doKto hue vah ]nhoM iSaSnadovaa: khto qao. Aaya-vatI-yaÊ Aayaao-M ko dovata [nd`,Ê va$NaÊ saaomaÊ pja-nya Aaid hOÊ ijanhoM [-ranaI ga`Mqa Avaosta maoM caica-t dovataAaoM kI trhÊ p`akRitk Sai@tyaa^ ko $p maoM vaod maoM p`diSa-t ikyaa gayaa hO.

    vaod @yaa hOÆ :– vaod ³ivad\ Qaatu´ ka matlaba &ana BaI haota hO jaao iksaI BaI ivaYaya ka &ana hao sakta hOÊ jaOsao laaok&anaÊ yaa [sa duinayaa ka &ana haota hO. vahIM prlaaok kI klpnaa jaao [sa duinayaa ³QartI´ sao hT kr Alaga duinayaa ³saRiYT´ ko baaro maoM batlaata hO – AlaaOikk ³laaok vyavahar ko yaaogya nahIM´ yaa kalpinak hO. At: vaod kao AlaaOikk &ana ³eosaa &ana ijasaka p`%yaxa Anaumaana iksaI BaI saaQana sao saMBava nahIM´ ka vaacak kha jaa sakta hO. yah Avyavahairk ga`nqa hO.

    vaod ko dao AMga hO – maM~ AaOr ba`a*maNa. maM~ AaOr ba`a*maNa ka naama hI vaod hOÊ ijasaka p`mauK AaQaar Eauit ³yaa saunaa huAa´ AaOr smaRit ³yaa saunakr yaad ikyaa huAa´ hO. [sailae vaod kao ba`a*maNaa%mak maanaa jaata hO. vaod maM~ Aqaa-t saMihtaAaoM ko vyaa#yaana ka naama ba`a*maNa hOÊ jaao baad maoM ba`*ma sao banaa batayaa gayaa hO. ijasaka ek Aqa- ya& BaI hO. ba`a*maNa – baRh\ ³vaQa-na yaa ivastar krnaa´ Qaatu sao banaa hO jaao vaod maM~aoM ka vyaa#yaana hO. vaod ko Anausaar ba`a*maNa kao[- jaait nahIM bailk man~aoM ka vyaa#yaana³Aqa-´ hO.

    mao@samaUlar ko Anausaar ?gvaod kI rcanaa lagaBaga ³ivaËma´ 1200 [- , pU ,batayaa jaata hO. mao@samaUlar nao vaOidk kala kao CndkalaÊ man~kalaÊ ba`a*maNakala AaOr saU~kala maoM baaMTa hO. p`%yaok ka 200 vaYa- batayaa hO. vahIM byaUlar ko Anausaar ASaaok ko 136vaoM iSalaalaoK ³ 250 [-ºpUº´ sao pta calata hOÊ ik vaodaoM kI rcanaa 700 sao 800 [- ,pU , huAa hO ]sa samaya kilaMga maoM ba`a*maNa rhto qao. vaodaoM ko ?%vajaaoM maoMÊ haota Aqaa-t ?gvaod va ]d\gaata – saamavaodÊ AQvayau- – yajauvao-d tqaa ba`*maa kao ya& ka AQyaxa maanaa gayaa hO.

    ijasamaoM phlaa evaM p`acaInatma vaod ?gvaod maoM Aigna [nd`Ê va$NaÊ AiSvana }YaaÊ saivataÊ pUYaNaÊ ivaYNau $d`Ê ma$t Aaid ko maM~ hO. [sako dao ivaBaaga – AYTËma AaOr maNDlaËma hO evaM 22 SaaKaAaoM maoM 5 kao mau#ya maanaa gayaa hO – jaao SaaklaÊ vaaYklaÊ AaSvalaayanaÊ SaaKayana AaOr maaNDukayana hO. [samaoM 1028 saU@taoM ka saMklana hO. yao saU@t 10 maNDlaaoM maoM ivaBa@t hO – ijasamaoM gaulsamadÊ ivaSvaaima~Ê vaamadovaÊ Ai~Ê BaarWaja AaOr vaiSaYz ?iYa p`mauK hO. maM~aoM ka mau#ya ivaYaya – Anaaya- ³AsauraoM´ ko saaqaÊ Aaya-³ sauraoM´ ko saMGaYa- tqaa sauraoM kI p`SaMsaaÊ stuitÊ Kana – panaÊ rhna – sahna Aaid ka vaNa-na hO.

    dUsara yajauvao-d gaVa%mak maM~ hOÊ laoikna pV BaI hO. ijasamaoM kma-kaND kao ivaSaoYa mah%va idyaa gayaa hO. [nako 86 SaaKayaoM hO jaao kRYNa AaOr Sau@la dao BaagaaoM maoM ivaBa@t hO. kRYNa yajauvao-d ko ba`a*maNa tO%trIyaÊ maO~ayaNaIÊ kz AaOr kipYTla hO. Sau@la yajauvao-d ko Satpqa AaOr AarNyak mau#ya ba`a*maNa hO.

    tIsara saamavaod maoM Aaica-k tqaa gaana p`mauK hO. [sako 10 ba`a*maNa hO. ijasamaoM jaOmanaIyaÊ naarayaNaIya AaOr kaOqauma p`mauK hO.

    caaOqaa Aqava- vaod jaao Aqavaa-igarsa Wara ricat hO. At: yah ]sako naama sao jaanaa jaata hO. [sako 9 SaaKaAaoM maoM sao dao SaaOnak AaOr ipPlaad hO tqaa [saka mau#ya ba`a*maNa gaaopqa hO. [sako Alaavaa vaOYNavaaoM ko caar p`mauK saMp`daya hO, EaI saMp`dayaÊ hMsa saMp`daya va $d` saMp`daya AaOr ba`*ma saMp`daya jaao saBaI vaod p`itpaidt hO.

    vaod ka pyaa-yavaacaI Sabd EauitÊ Aamnaaya ~yaIÊ CndÊ svaaQyaayaÊ AagamaÊ inagama hO. smaRit kao vaod ka AnaugaamaI maanaa jaata hO.
    Eauit – jaao gau$ ko mauK saoÊ saunanao sao yaa saunaI hu[- baat sao BaI kha jaa sakta hO.
    Aamnaaya – ka Aqa- ba`a*maNaa%mak maM~.
    ~yaI – ka Aqa- i~ivaQa $p yaa i~ivaQa saMihta ?k\, saamaÊ yajauYa. [sa trh phlao tIna hI vaod qao. At: ~yaI SabdaoM ka Anaok jagah p`yaaoga imalata hO.
    Cnd – Slaaok, pUjaa BaI ek Aqa- hO ijasako Wara vaOidk dovataAaoM kI stuit yaa pUjaa kI jaatI hO.
    svaaQyaaya – tInaaoM vaNaao-M ko ilae svaaQyaaya ka ek maa~ ivaYaya vaod hO At: [nhoM svaaQyaaya BaI khto hO.

    vaod maoM eosaa kha gayaa hO ik ek saiWp`a bahuQaa vadint. ek hI sa%ya kao ba`a*maNa Anaok trh sao vyaa#yaana krto hOM. td\ dovasya saivatu: Asaursya p`caotsa:. Aqaa-t tba Asaur BaI dovata maanao jaato qaoÊ ijasaka Aqa- balaSaalaI yaa saamaqya-vaana maanaa jaata qaa. vaodaoM maoM va$Na jaao ?tuAaoM ko dovataÊ jaao [-rana ko Ahurmajd AaOr ga`Ik ko Aarnaaosa ko samaana saundr batayaa gayaa hO. saUya- kao [naka AaMKÊ vaayau kao Svaasa AaOr AakaSa kao vas~ batayaa gayaa hO.

    Aaya- saonaapit va AMtirxa ko dovata [nd`Ê ijanako ipta ka naama VaOsa tqaa maata ka naama SabasaI qaa ]sakao baja`QaarI tqaa yauw praËmaIÊ saaomarsa ³saura´ pana krnao vaalaa kha gayaa hO. [sanao baR~asaur naamak praËmaI rajaa kao hrayaa qaa. pRqvaI ka dovata Aigna ³QaUmakotu´ kao batayaa gayaa hO. [saka $p garjato hue saaMZ, kI trh batlaayaa gayaa hO. [nhoM ]%pi%t ko samaya baCD,o jaOsaaÊ tqaa baad maoM ASva samaana batayaa gayaa. yao svaga- maoM pOda hue tqaa maatirSvaa nao [sao QartI pr laayaa. [nako baaro maoM dao saaO sao jyaada vaOidk saU~aoM maMo vaNa-na imalata hO.

    vaod Aayaao-M ka sava-sva hO. [sako Anausaar jyaaoitYTma ya& sao svaga- p`aiPt haota hO jaao [YT hO. [samaoM klajja BaxaNa AinaYT maanaa gayaa hO tqaa %yaajya hO. [naka eosaa ivaSvaasa hO ik Bagavaana ³ ho Bagavaana kaOna hO Æ vah Apnao Aap kha^ sao p`kT hao gayaaÆ yah tk- ka ivaYaya hO. laoikna vaOidk [sao tk- sao pro batato hOM.´ sava-p`qama ba`*maa kao ]%pnna krÊ laaok iSaxaa ko ilae vaod doto hO. [naka Anaumaana hO ik vaod Anaaid AaOr ApaO$Yaoya hO – ijasaka Aqa- haota hO – pu$Ya ³jaao Alp&, AsaImaÊ ApUNa- AaOr SaaMt hO´ Wara ricat nahIMÊ varna\ vaod svayaM saba kuC jaananaovaalaaÊ pUNa-Ê AsaIma AaOr Anant hO. [-Svar kI trh ina%ya hO evaM Apnao Aap maoM svayaM p`maaiNat hO.

    Daº AmbaoDkr ko Anausaar vaOidk maM~ao kI ]d\BaUit ?iYayaaoM ko maaQyama sao haotI hOÊ laoikna [namaoM sao kao[- BaI [sako rcaiyata nahIM ³Aqaa-t yao ?iYa ]d\gaata haokr BaI rcaiyata nahIM´ hO. vaNa-Baod Aqaa-t vaNaa-Eama ka maUla Eaaot mau#yat: ?gvaod kao maanaa jaata hO ijasaoo dsavaoM maNDla maoM bahut baad maoM jaaoD,a gayaa hO. eosaa batayaa jaata hO ik ?iYayaaoM kao sava-p`qama vaOidk Aqaao- ka saaxaatkar [-Svar Wara hI saMpnna huAa. At: jaao vaod ka AQyayana nahIM krtaÊ vah svaga- ka AiQakarI nahIM haota.

    vaod maM~ ko p`kar :–

    1º yaask ko Anausaar 7 p`kar ko maM~ hO – inaMdaÊ p`SaMsaa yaa stuitkarkÊ praoxakRtÊ p`%yaxakRt va AaQyaai%mak maM~.
    2º maaQavaacaaya- ko Anausaar 9 p`kar ko maM~ batlaayao gayao hOM. AnauYzana prk,Ê stuit $pa%mak, %vaapdantÊ AamaM~Nayau@t p`OYa$pa%makÊ ivacaar $pa%mak, pirvaodna $pa%mak p`Sna $pa%mak evaM ]%tr $pa%mak.
    3º yajauvao-d ko Anausaar 13 p`kar ko maM~ batlaayao gayao hOM.
    4º maImaaMsakaoM ko Anausaar 53 p`kar ko maM~ batayao gayao hOM.

    vaOidk matanausaar &ana ka Aqa- AQyaa%ma &anaÊ Aa%ma&ana evaM ba`*ma&ana haota hO. vaod – ivahIna &anaÊ Aqa-hIna maanaa gayaa hO. t%va kI dRiYT maoMÊ saMsaar maoM ek hI t%va maanaa jaata hO. vah hO ba`*ma yaa Aa%maa AaOr Aa%maa&ana yaa ba`*ma&ana hI t%va &ana hO. Aa%ma&ana sao Aa%maa maoM AiBa$ica AaOr Anaa%maa maoM Anaasqaa ]%pnna haotI hO. [sako Alaavaa Apra ivaVa kao saaMsaairk &ana AaOr pra ivaVa kao Aai%mak &ana kha jaata hO.

    ba`a*maNa ga`nqa :– ba`a*maNaaoM maoM Anaok matavalambaI payao jaato hO. At: Apnao matanausaar vaod ko Alaavaa [nhaoMnao k[- ba`a*maNa ga`nqa BaI banaayao hO. eotroyaÊ kaOiYatik yaa saaM#yaanaÊ taMND\ya yaa pMcaivaSaÊ tOi%trIyaÊ satpqaÊ gaaopqa AaidÊ ijanamaoM ya&aoM ko baaro maoM ivastar sao vaNa-na hO. EaI dyaanaMd Aaid Anaok laaoga [na ba`a*maNa ga`MqaaoM kao vaod nahIM maanato [namaoM sao kovala maM~ Baaga kao hI vaod maanato hOM. yao spYT khto hOMÊ ik maM~aoM kI hI vaodÊ saM&a hO ikntu ba`a*maNa ga`nqaaoM ka nahIM. At: ba`a*maNa ?iYap`ao@t hO [Svarao@t nahIM. yaid maM~ Aaid $p hOÊ tao ba`a*maNa maM~aoM ko pScaat hO.

    ba`a*maNa ga`MqaaoM ka pircaya :

    1 eo%troya ba`a*maNa :– yah p`qama ?gvaodI ba`a*maNa hO. [samaoM 40 AQyaaya hO jaao Aaz pMcakao maoM ivaBa> hO. [sako rcaiyata mahIdasa eotroya hO tqaa [samaoM sa%yavaadI hirSacand` ka ijaË BaI imalata hO .
    2 saaM#yaayana ba`a*maNa :– yah ?gvaod ka dUsara ba`a*maNa hO. [samaoM 30 AQyaaya hO tqaa 236 KND hO. ijasamaoM kaOiYatkI ka vaNa-na hO.
    3 Satpqa ba`a*maNa :– yah yajauvao-dIya ba`a*maNa hO. [samaoM 100 AQyaaya 14 kaNDaoM maoM ivaBa@t hO. [samaoM janmaojaya ka vaNa-na hO. yajauvao-d kI dao SaaKa maQyaaindna tqaa kaNva yaa kRYNa [sa ba`a*maNa maoM imalata hO. [samaoM manau–ma%sya kI kqaa payaI jaatI hO. ASvamaoQaÊ pu$YamaoQaÊ sava-maoQa ya& ka vaNa-na [saI ba`a*maNa ka hO. kalaIdasa kI dao p`isaw naaTk pu$rvaa ]va-saI ³ ivaËmaaova-SaIya´ tqaa Sakuntlaa – duYyaMt pu~ Bart ko vaNa-na ko karNa [sao kafI mah%vapUNa- maanaa jaata hO.
    4 tO%trIya ba`a*maNa :– yah kRYNa yajauvao-d SaaKa ko ba`a*maNa hO. [samaoM tIna kaND hO p`qamaÊ iWtIya maoM Aaz AQyaaya hO tqaa tRtIya maoM 12 AQyaaya hO. p`qama kaND maoM baajapoyaÊ saaomaÊ rajasaUya Aaid ya&aoM ka ivavarNa hO. iWtIya kaND maoM Aignahao~ ]phaoma tqaa tRtIya kaND maoM naxa~oiYT ko baaro maoM idyaa gayaa hO. [samaoM pu$YamaoQa ka BaI vaNa-na imalata hOÊ ijasako Anausaar Aayaao- Wara pSau baila ko Alaavaa nar baila BaI ikyaa jaata qaa.
    5 taND\ya ba`a*maNa :– yah saamavaodIya taiND SaaKa sao saMbaMiQat hO. [samaoM 25 AQyaaya hO tqaa ek idna sao laokr sahs~ saMva%sar tk calanao vaalao ya&aoM ka vaNa-na hO.
    6 gaaopqa ba`a*maNa :– yah Aqava-vaodIya ba`a*maNa hO evaM [sako rcaiyata gaaopqa hO. ]%tr–gaaopqa tqaa ]sako 6 p`pazk evaM pUva- – gaaopqa tqaa ]sako 5 p`pazk mau#ya hO. [samaoM ! tqaa gaaya~I kI maihmaa ka vaNa-na hO. [sako Alaavaa ASvamaoQaÊ pu$YamaoQaÊ AignaYTaoma Aaid ya&aoM ka vaNa-na hO.

    Daº AmbaoDkr ko Anausaar vaod ApaO$Yaya nahIM hO. p`%yaok vaod kI ek AnauËmaNaI hO. khIM – khIM ek sao BaI AiQak hO. ?gvaod kI saat AnauËmaNaI ]plabQa hOM. [namaoM sao paMca SaaOnak kIÊ ek ka%yaayana kI tqaa ek iksaI AaOr A&at laoKk Wara tOyaar kI hu[- hO. yajauvao-d kI tIna – jaao Aa~oyaIÊ caarNyaa AaOr maQyaaMidna hO. saamavaod kI dao AnauËmaNaI – ijasamaoM ek ka naama AaSao-ya ba`a*maNa tqaa dUsaro ka naama piriSaYT hO. vahIM Aqava-vaod ka ek AnauËmaNaI – ijasaka naama baRht savaa-nauËmaNaI hO. AnauËmaNaI yaqaaqa- hO jaao ?gvaod ko man~aoM sao pta calata hO. ijanamaoM ?iYa Apnao kao vaodaoM ka saMyaaojak maanato hOM.³sampUNa- vaaD\yama KND 8 pRYT 142´

    jaOsaa ik p`aofosar ivalsana samaJato hOM ik ?gvaod ³sabasao ivaSaala ga`nqa´ maoM ClanaI sao mauiSkla sao kao[- eosaa ]dahrNa imalaogaa ijasasao p`kT haota hO ik ]samaoM kao[- saOwaintk Aqavaa daSa-inak ivavaocana hO. ]samaoM ivaiBanna prvatI- isawantaoM ka saMkot hI nahIM ]samaoM punaja-nma kI Aaor BaI kao[- saMkot nahIM hOÊ na [sasao sambaw iksaI Anya isawant ka, na hI ivaSva kI baar – baar saRiYT ka. Aayaao- ko saamaaijak jaIvana pr p`kaSa Dalanao ko ilae AvaSyaÊ vaodaoM maoM pyaa-Pt saamaga`I imalatI hO. [sako ilae vao ]pyaaogaI hao sakto hOM. yah Aayaao- ko Aaidma jaIvana ka ica~Na hO. ]namaoM p`gait ka kao[- p`saMga nahIM ]namaoM daoYa AiQakaMSa AaOr gauNa nyaUnatma hO.

    manau AaOr manavantr kqaa :– Daº AmbaoDkr ko sampUNa- vaaD\yama Baaga 8 pRYT 311 ko Anausaar tba ba`*maa nao saRiYT palana hotu svayaM kao manau – svayaMBauva banaa ilayaa. Apnao vaastivak $p ko samaana Apnao naarI Baaga sao Sat$pa rcaa ijasao tpsyaa Wara pap sao Sauw ikyaaÊ ijasao manau nao ApnaI p%naI banaayaa. [na daonaaoM sao dao pu~ pOda hue ijanaka naama ip`yavat- AaOr ]%tanapad. dao pui~yaa^ qaI ijanaka naama p`saUit AaOr AaËUitÊ jaao saundr qaI. p`saUit ka ivavaah dxa sao AaOr AaËUit ka $caI p`jaapit sao huAa. AaËUit sao jauD,vaaM baccao ]%pnna hue. ya& AaOr dixaNaaÊ ijanhaoMnao Aapsa maoM ivavaah kr ilayaa ³Baa[- – bahna ko ivavaah ka ]dahrNa´ AaOr ]nasao baarh pu~ ]%pnna hue. yao dovata svayaMBauva manavantr maoM yama khlaayao. [sa trh p`qama manau svaayaMBauva qaa. [sako ]prant ËmaSa: svaaraoicatÊ AaOtmaIÊ tamasaÊ rOvatÊ caaxasau. yah CO manau kala klaivat hue. saatvaoM vat-maana manavantr ka manau – saUya-pu~ vaOvasvat hO.

    dUsaro manau svaaraoicat ko dovata qao paravat AaOr tuiYat tqaa ]naka [nd` qaa ivapiScat. ]nako saPt ?iYayaaoM ko naama }jaa-Ê stMBaÊ p`aNaÊ d%taolaI ?YaBaÊ inaScar AaOr Ava-rIvaT. manau ko pu~ qao caO~ AaOr ikMpu$Ya. tIsaro manau AaOtmaI ko [nd` qao sauSaaMit AaOr dovataAaoM ko naama svaQaamaaÊ sa%yaÊ iSavaÊ p`td-na tqaa vasauvaRit. caaOqao manau tamasa ko [nd` ka naama iSavaI ijasao SatËtu BaI kha jaata qaa. [nako dovata ka naama sau$pÊ hirÊ sa%ya AaOr sauiQa qaa. saPt ?iYayaaoM ko naama jyaaoitQaamaÊ pRqauÊ kavyaÊ caO~Ê AignaÊ vaanakÊ ipvar AaOr tamasa. manau ko pu~ qao narÊ #yaaitÊ saaMthyaÊ janaujaMGaa Aaid.

    svaaraoicatÊ AaOtmaIÊ tamasa AaOr rOvat yao caar manau ip`yavat- ko Santana qao. paMcavaoM manau rOvat ko [nd` ka naama ivaBau qaa. [nako dovataAaoM ka naama AimataBaÊ AbaUtrajaasaÊ vaOkuMzgaNaÊ saumaoQaa qaa tqaa saPt?iYa qao ihrNyaraomaÊ vaodiSara }Qva-baahuÊ vaodbaahuÊ sauQamanaÊ pja-nya AaOr mahamauina. rOvat ko pu~aoM ka naama baalabanQau, sausamBaavyaÊ sa%yak tqaa Anya saahsaI rajaa qao. CzvaoM manau caaxasau qaa. ]saka [nd` manaaojva qaa tqaa dovata AadyaÊ p`stut, BavyaÊ pRqagau AaOr laoKgaNa ijanako Aaz AaOr dova qao. ]sa kala ko saPt?iYa qao – sauQaamaaÊ ivarjaaÊ hivaYmaana ]<amaÊ maQaurÊ AitmaanaÊ saihYNau tqaa caaxasau manau ko pu~ ko naama qao ]$Ê pu$, SatVumna Aaid.

    vat-maana saatvaoM manavantr ko manau An%yaoiYT dova saUya- kI Anaupma saMtana vaOvasvat hOM . ]nako dovata Aaid%yaÊ vasau AaOr $d` hOM. ]nako [nd` ka naama purndr hO. saPtiYa- ko naama hOM vaiSaYzÊ kSyapÊ Ai~Ê jamadignaÊ gaaOtmaÊ ivaSvaaima~ AaOr BaarWaja. vaOvasvat manau ko naaO pu~ qaoÊ ijanaka naama [xvaaMkuÊ naaBaagaÊ Qa`YTÊ sanmaitÊ nairSyaMtÊ naaBaaidYTÊ k$YaÊ ip`YaQa AaOr yaSasvaI vasaumat batayaa gayaa hO. [na saataoM manvantraoM ka ivavarNa ivaYNau puraNa maMo idyaa gayaa hO. @yaa manvantr Saasana vaa*ya qaaÆ At: ba`a*maNa [sa ivaYaya pr maaOna hOM. saat manavantr ABaI AaOr baakI hO. ijasamaoM Aagao saUya- AaOr Cayaa kI khanaI baD,I raocak hO. Cayaa ka pu~ saavaNaI- kao AazvaaM manau batayaa gayaa hO. ijasako dova haoMgao sautp AignataBa tqaa saPtiYa- haoMgao dIiPtmaanaÊ gaalavaÊ ramaÊ kRpÊ d`aoiNaÊ vyaasa Cza AaOr ?Yya SaRMga saatvaaM ?iYa haogaa. [sa yauga ka [nd` baila haogaa. navaaM manau dxa saavaNaI- haoMgao tqaa [sako dova parsaÊ maarIicaÊ gaBa- AaOr sauQamaa kao batayaa gayaa hO. p`%yaok vaga- ko baarh dova haoMgao ]naka p`mauK [nd` haogaa ABaUt. savanaÊ VuitmaanaÊ BavyaÊ vasauÊ maoQaaitiqaÊ jyaaoitYamaana AaOr sa%ya yao saPtiYa- haoMgao.

    dsavaoM manau ba`*maa saavaNaI- haoMgao tqaa ]sako dovagaNa sauQaamaaÊ iva$wÊ SatsaaM#ya evaM [nd` ka naama mahatojasvaI SaaMit haogaa. saPtiYa- ko naama hivaYmaana saukRit sa%ya APpmamaUit- naaBaagaa Ap`itmajaa AaOr sa$yakotu haoMgao. manau ko dsa pu~aoM kI saM#yaa BaI ABaI sao inaQaairt kr dI ga[- hO ijanaka naama saxao~ ]%tmajaa hirYaoNa Aaid batayaa gayaa hO. gyaarhvaoM manau Qama- saavaNaI- haoMgao ijanako [nd` ka naama vaRYa haogaa AaOr dovata ivahMgamaÊ kamaagama AaOr inamaa-Narit ijanamaoM p`%yaok kI saM#yaa tIsa haogaI. inaScarÊ Aignatoja va puSamanaÊ ivaYNauÊ Aa$NaIÊ hivaYmaana AaOr AnaGa pRqvaI ko svaamaI AaOr manau pu~ haoMgao savaga- sava-Qama- dovaainak Aaid. baarhvaoM manau ka naama $d` ka pu~ saavaNaI- manau haogaa. ]sa kala ka [nd` haogaa ?tuQaamaa. dovaaoM ka naama hitsaÊ laaoihtasaÊ saumana AaOr saukmaa haogaa tqaa saPtiYa- ko naama haoMgao tpsvaIÊ sautpÊ tpaomaUit-Ê tpaoiQa`itÊ tpaoVuit AaOr tpaoQana Aaid. torhvaoM manau ka naama raOcya manau batayaa gayaa hO. ijasaka [nd` ka naama idvasapit haogaa AaOr dovata sauQamanaÊ sauQama-na AaOr saukma-Na tqaa saPtiYa- ka naama inamaao-hÊ t%vadSa-naÊ inaYp`kmpÊ ina$%saukÊ QaRitmaanaÊ Avyaya AaOr sautp haogaa. caaOdhvaoM manau ka naama BaaO%ya haogaa ijasako dovata caaxauYa piva~ kinaYz Ba`jaIrasa AaOr vaOvaw haoMgao. saPtiYa- ka naama AignabaahuÊ SauicaÊ Sauk,Ê maagaQaÊ iga`QarÊ yau@t AaOr Aijat batayaa gayaa hO. [sa trh vaOidk Aayaao- kI manau vyavasqaa kilpt hO. manau ko badlanao kao manavantr kha jaata hO.

    [-Svar : ?gvaod ko puranao maM~aoM maoM yaVip [nd`Ê saaomaÊ va$Na kI maihmaa jyaada gaa[- ga[- hOÊ ikntu ]sa va@t iksaI ek dovata kao savao-–savaa- maananao ka #yaala nahIM qaa. prntu dsavaoM maMDla pr phu^cato tk, bahudovavaad sao ek dovavaad kI Aaor ]nakI maanyatayaoM baZ,ta najar Aata hO. jaha^ AarMBakala maoMÊ iptRsa%ta kao samaaja ko naota iptraoM kI Baa^it CaoTo–baD,o Saasak maanato qao. vahIM Aagao AinayaMi~t saamant rajaa banato hueÊ Ant maoM inarMkuSa rajaa bana jaata hO. QaIro–QaIro jaba p`jaa ko AiQakar bahut kma rh gayaa AaOr rajaa savao-savaa- bana gayaa. tba dovaÊ rajaa ka pyaa-yavaacaI Sabd bana gayaa.

    dovaavalaI kI Aagao Aga`sar haonao pr hma [sa #yaala kao fOlato doKto hO ik ba`a*maNa ek hI ]sa dovata kao AignaÊ yamaÊ saUya- khto hO jaOsao ekM saiWp`a bahuQaa vadint AignaM yamaM maatirSvaanamaahu: dUsarI Aaor ekaiQakar kao p`kT krnao vaalao p`jaapit va$Na jaOsao dovataAaoM kao Aagao Aato doKto hOM. vyaapar p`Qaana kala ko ]pinaYadaoM maoM ba`*ma ³napuMsakilaMga´ dovataAaoM ko dovata ek AiWtIya inarakar Sai@t bana jaata hOÊ ikntu vahIM ?gvaod ka ba`*maa ³puila-Mga´ ek saaQaarNa saa dovata hO. p`jaapit ?gvaod ko Aintmakala maoM phu^cakr ek mahana dovata savao-Svar bana jaata hO. jaOsao – ihrNya gaBa- ³saunahro gaBa-vaalaa´ phlao qaaÊ vah BaUt ka Akolaa svaamaI maaOjaUd qaa. vah pRqvaI AaOr [sa AakaSa kao QaarNa krta qaa ]sa p`jaapit dova kao hma hiva p`dana krto hOM.

    vahIM va$Na kao ek Sai@tSaalaI rajaa ka p`tIk maanaa gayaa hO. jaOsao – dao AadmaI baOzkr jaao Aapsa maoM maM~Naa krto hOM ]sao tIsara rajaa va$Na jaanata hO.

    Aa%maa :– vaOidk ?iYa vaod evaM [-Svar ko Alaavaa, SarIr sao Alaga iksaI Aa%maa yaa mana ko Aist%va pr ivaSvaasa rKto hO. ?gvaod ko ek maM~ maoM kha gayaa hO ik vah baRxa vanaspit Antirxa saUya- Aaid sao hmaaro pasa calaI Aayao. ?gvaod maoM manaÊ Aa%maa AaOr Asau jaIva ko vaacak Sabd hOMÊ laoikna Aa%maa vaha^ AamataOr pr p`aNavaayau yaa SarIr ko ilae p`ya@t huAa hO. ]naka eosaa ivaSvaasa hO ik [sa laaok sao pro BaI dUsara laaok hOÊ jaha^ marnao ko baad saukmaa- pu$Ya jaata hO AaOr AanaMd Baaogata hO. naIcao patala maoM nak- ka AMQakarmaya laaok hOÊ jaha^ AQamaI- jaato hOM.

    vaOidk kala ko ?iYa punaja-nma sao pircat nahIM qao. Saayad ]nakI saamaaijak ivaYamataAaoM ko [tnao samaalaaocak ]sa va@t nahIM qao. duinayaa ko ivaYamataÊ AmaIrIÊ garIbaIÊ dasataÊ svaaimata – ijasasao caMd mauz\zI Bar laaogaaoM kao CaoD,krÊ baakI saBaI duK kI ca@kI maoM ipsa rho qao ³jaao Aaja sa#t saamaaijak Anyaaya hO´ AaOr [saka samaaQaana kBaI na idKa[- donao vaalao prlaaok sao nahIM ikyaa jaa sakta.

    ]pinaYad kala maoM jaba vaod inaiht ya&, saaxaat [-Svar evaM prlaaok Aaid kalpinak jagat pr Aalaaocanaa haonao lagaIÊ tba Aaya- xai~ya rajaa ³p`vaahNa´ kao ba`*ma AaOr punaja-nma kI klpnaa krnaI pD,I. saaxaat [-Svar kI klpnaa sao hTkrÊ inarakar ba`*ma sao kilpt Aa%maa – prmaa%maa kI @yaaoM ja$rt pD,I AaOr ]naka [-Svar tqaa Aa%maa ka saMbaMQa kOsao sqaaipt ikyaa gayaaÊ yah samaJanao ka ivaYaya hO. punaja-nma maoM [sa janma ko kmaao-M ka fla Agalao janma maoM Baaoganao kI baat BaI gaZ,I ga[-Ê taik SaaoYakaMo ka ivaraoQa Aama janata ko mana sao hT jaayao AaOr pUva- janma ka fla samaJa kr Baaoganao kao majabaUr rho. inasaMdoh punaja-nmaÊ yaha^ ko janata ko sqaa[- SaaoYaNa ko ilae ivadoSaI Aaya-SaaoYakaoM ko catur idmaaga ka bahut baD,a AivaYkar kha jaa sakta hO. ba`*ma AaOr puna-janma ko ]%pi%t ko saMbaMQa maoM rahulasaaMskR%yaayana Wara ilaiKt vaaolgaa sao gaMgaa pustk sao p`vaahNa AaOr gaagya-ba`a*maNa-pu~I laaopa ko baIca hue vaata-laap kao Agalao AQyaaya maoM idyaa jaa rha hO jaao vaOidk ga`MqaaoM maoM vaiNa-t ba`*ma evaM punaja-nma ka Baod Kaolata hO.

    dSa-na :– vaOidk ?iYayaaoM ko Anausaar BaaOitk jagat yaa p`akRitk dRYyaaoM ko AiQaYzata dovata hI hO AaOr p`akRitk Sai@tyaaM Anaok hOM. At: ]naka maananaa hOÊ ik dovata BaI Anaok hO tqaa p`%yaok Sai@t ka ek yaa Anaok dovata hO. laoikna baad maoM jaba saBaI dovataAaoM ka Aist%va banaa panaa samBava nahIM huAa tba Anaok dovataAaoM ko AiQapit yaa ek p`Qaana dovata kI klpnaa krnaI pD,I AaOr [sa trh AnaokoSvarvaad sao ekoSvarvaad kI Aaor jaanao maoM majabaUr hue. [sa prmaSai@t kao prmaba`*ma prmaoSvar kha AaOr ³lagaBaga 600 [-º pU´, Kasakr p`vaahNa kala maoM jaba Aa%maa ka AivaYkar huAa tba [sao prmaa%maa BaI kha jaanao lagaa. kalaantr maoM ekoSvarvaadÊ AWOtvaad maoM badla gayaa AaOr [-Svar kI ]%pi%t pr ?gvaod nao BaI p`Sna KD,a kr idyaa ?k\ 10À129À 7. jabaik pu$Ya – sau@t maoM [-Svar ka kalpinak vaNa-na tqaa vaNa- vyavasqaa ko ]%pi%t ka BaI samaavaoSa imalata hO.

    vaodaoM maoM 32 dovaaoM ka ]llaoK hO. ya& maoM phlao Eaaot jaao EavaNa Wara saMpnna haota hO [samaoM ihMsaa AaOr baila Ainavaaya- haota qaa. laoikna baad maoM jaba yao BaartIyaaoM ko sampk- maoM AayaoÊ tba ya& ka sva$p badla kr smaat- ³jaao smaRit sao p`itpaidt haota hOÊ ijasamaoM ihMsaa kao inaiYaw kma- maanaa jaanao lagaa´ kI Aaor mauD, gayao AaOr [sa trh ihMsak sao AihMsak bana gayao. ya& kao p`kRit evaM maanava SarIr ko saaqa sambanQa banaayaa jaanao lagaa. jaOsao SarIr maoM 360 Aisqayaa^ hO [sailae ek vaYa- maoM 360 idna maanaa gayaa AaOr [sa trh ya& maoM 360 [-TaoM ka p`yaaoga BaI haonao lagaa. Eaaot kao ihMsaa%mak haonao ko baavajaUd pak ya&, hivaya-& tqaa saaoma ya& kI EaoNaI maoM rKa gayaa AaOr [sao sakama ya& BaI kha gayaa. vahIM smaat- maoM $d`yaagaÊ saUya-yaagaÊ gaNaoSayaagaÊ Sai@tyaagaÊ dugaa-yaaga [nd`yaagaÊ ivaYNauyaagaÊ pja-nyayaagaÊ gaaya~I mahaya&Ê ba`*maya& [%yaaid ijasamao AihMsaa ka samaavaoSa haoto hue [sao inaYkama maanaa gayaa.

    vaOidk ?iYaÊ Qama- AaOr bahudovavaad maoM ivaSvaasa rKto hOM. [sa laaok ³QartI´ sao pro svaga-–laaok ³prlaaok´ kI klpnaa krto hO. tk- yaa dSa-na ]nako baahr ka ivaYaya hO. ya&ao–dana WaraÊ Aba AaOr marnao ko baad BaI vah sauKI rhnaa caahto qao. ihrNyagaBa- p`jaapit saU@t maoM p`jaapit kao dovataAaoM ka naayak tqaa ivaSvakmaa- maanaa gayaa hO. ihrNyagaBa- ka Aqa- sva-NaIma baIja hO ijasaka ?gvaod ko naasadIya saU~ AaOr yajauvao-d ko Aintma AQyaaya maoM ivaSva ko p`arMBa ko isqait ko baaro [sa p`kar vaNa-na imalata hO.

    ]sa samaya na sat\ ³ haonaa´ qaa na A–sat\.
    na Antirxa qaaÊ na ]sako pro vyaaoma qaa .
    iksanao sabakao Za^ka qaaÆ AaOr kha^ AaOr iksako Wara rixatÆ
    panaI @yaa vaha^ Aqaah qaaÆ ..1..
    tba na maR%yau qaaÊ na Amar maaOjaUdÊ AaOr idna maoM Baod na qaa.
    vaha^ ekakI svaavalaMbaI Sai@t sao Svaisat qaaÊ
    Aitir@t ]sako na kao[- qaa ]sako }pr ..2..
    AMQakar vaha^ Aaid maoM A^Qaoro maoM iCpa qaaÊ ivaSva Baod SaUnya jala qaa.
    vah jaao SaUnya AaOr KalaI maoM iCpa baOza hO.
    vahI ek ³ApnaI´ Sai@t sao ivakisat qaa ..3..
    tba sabasao phlaI baar kamanaa ]%pnna hu[- , jaao ik Apnao BaItr mana kI p`arMiBak baIja qaI.
    AaOr ?iYayaaoM nao Apnao ]dya maoM Kaojato hue ,
    Asat\ maoM sat\ ko yaaojak saMbaMQa kao Kaoja payaa..4..
        x x x x
    vah maUla s~aot ijasasao yah ivaSva ]%pnna huAaÊ
    AaOr @yaa vah banaayaa gayaa yaa AkRt qaaÊ
    vahI [sao jaanata yaa nahIM jaanata hOÊ jaao ik ]ccatma VaOlaaok sao Saasana krta hOÊ jaao sava-dSaI- svaamaI hO” ..7 ..

    naasadasaInnaao sadasaI%tdanaIM naasaId`jaao naao vyaaomaa prao yat\.
    ikmaavarIva: kuh ksya Sama-nnamBa: ikmaasaId\gahnaM gaBaIrma\..
    na maR%yaurasaIdmaRtM na tih- na ra~yaa A*na AasaI%p`kot:.
    AanaIdvaatM svaQayaa tdokM tsmaawanyanna pr: ik canaasa..
    tma AasaI%tmasaa gaUD\hmaga`o|p`kotM sailalaM sava-maa [dma.
    tucCyaonaaBvaipihtM yadasaI%tpsastnmaihnaajaayatOkma\..
    kamastdga`o samavata-taiQa manasaao rot: p`qamaM yadasaIt\.
    satao banQaumasait inarivandn)id p`tIYyaa kvayaao manaIYaa..
    itrScaInaao ivattao riSmaroYaamaQa isvadasaIdupir isvadasaIt\..
    rotaoQaa Aasanmaihmaana Aasan%svaQaa Avasta%p`yait: prstat\..
    kao Awa vaod k [h p`yaaoca%kut Aajaata kut [yaM ivasaRiYT:.
    Avaa-gdovaa Asya ivasaja-naonaaqaa kao vaod yat AabaBaUva..
    [yaM ivasaRiYTya-t AabaBaUva yaid vaa dQao yaid vaa na.
    yaao AsyaaQyaxa: prmao vyaaoman%saao A|ga vaod yaid vaa na vaod.. ³?gvaod maMDla 10 saU@t 129´

    ivaSva sao phlao @yaa qaaÆ iksaI nao [saka ]%tr sat\ Aqaa-t sada sao ³ eosaa hI maaOjaUd´ rha idyaa. iksaI nao kha ik vah Asat\ ³nahIM maaOjaUd´ Aqaa-t saRiYT sao phlao kuC nahIM qaa. [sa saU@t ko ?iYa nao phlao vaad ko p`itvaad kaÊ p`itvaad krko na hIM sat\ qaa na hIM Asat\ Wara Apnao saMvaad kao poSa krnao kI kaoiSasa kI. ]sanao ]sa ivaSva sao phlao kI SaUnya Avasqaa maoM BaI ek sa%ta kI klpnaa kIÊ jaao ik ]sa maRt SaUnya jagat maoM BaI sajaIva qaI. AarMBa maoM ivaSva Baod– SaUnya jala qaaÊ jaao ]pinaYad ko yah jala phlao hI qaa ka maUla hO. ?iYa ivaSva ka maUla ZUZ,to hueÊ vah kBaI p`kRit ko saaqa calanaa caahta hOÊ tao kBaI p`kRit ka iknaara CaoD, ekaek SaUnya maoM ClaaMga lagaa krÊ ek rhsyamayaI Sai@t kI klpnaa krta hOÊ jaao ik ]sa SaUnya AaOr KalaI maoM Akolaa baOza hO. Ant maoM rhsya kao AaOr gaUZ, banaato hueÊ ivaSva ko sava-dSaI- Saasak ko }pr ivaSva ko kRt yaa AkRt haonao tqaa ]sako baaro maoM jaananaoÊ na jaananao ka Baar rK kr WMda%mak isqait maoM caup hao jaata hO. laoikna [na saba ko baavajaUd vah zaosa pRqvaI kao CaoD,nao kI ihmmat BaI nahIM kr pata. vah svaga- maoM rhnaa BaI caahta hO AaOr QartI kao CaoD,naa BaI nahIM caahta hO.

    ]pinaYad\ ³700 – 100 [- , pU ,´ :–
    yah AarNyak ko naama sao BaI jaanaa jaata hO @yaaoMik yah Aksar vana maoM ekant maoM poD, ko naIcao baOzkr AQyayana ikyaa jaata hO. ]pinaYadkar t%vadSaI- rho hOM. yao kma-kaND kao maanyata nahIM doto [sailae &anakaND BaI kha jaanao lagaa. yao t%vadSaI- haonao ko karNa kalpinak [-Svar kI sa%ta kao nahIM maanatoÊ At: vaOidkaoM nao [sao vaanap`sqa AaEama ka ivaYaya maanaaÊ taik gaRhsqa AaEama tk vaOidk p`qaa yaqaavat calatI rho. t%vadSaI- ya&–p`iËyaa ka ivaraoQaI hao jaata hO. At: vaod ko Aist%va kao bacaayao rKnao ko ilae [sao Alaga rKa gayaa. ]pinaYad kao vaodant ³Aqaa-t vaod kao Ant krnao vaalaa´ kha gayaa. vaodant kao rhsyamaya &ana kha jaata hO @yaaoMik vaOidk ya&aoM ko rhsya ³paola´ kao Kaola dota hO [sao pra–ivaVa yaa &anamaaga- BaI kha jaata hO. ifr BaI Antt: ba`*ma AaOr Aa%maa ko ca@kr maoM Aakr BaTk jaata hO. maayaa AaOr prlaaok kI klpnaa nao ]pinaYad kta-AaoM kao kma- kaND ko krIba hI rKa. torh ]pinaYad p`kaSa maoM Aato hOMÊ ijasao kalaËma ko Anausaar naIcao dSaa-yaa gayaa hOM.

    1 p`acaInatma ]pinaYad ³700 [- pU,´ :– dao p`mauK ]pinaYad [-Sa, CaMdaogya AaOr baRhdarNyak .
    2 iWtIya kala kI ]pinaYadoM ³600–500 [- pU,´ :– eo%troya AaOr tOi%trIya .
    3 tRtIyakala kI ]pinaYadoM ³500–400 [- pU,´ :– p`SnaÊ konaÊ kzÊ mauMDk AaOr maaMDU@ya.
    4 catuqa-kala kI ]pinaYadoM ³200–100 [- pU,´ :– kaOYaItkIÊ maO~I AaOr SvaotaSvatr.

    jaOsaa ik jaOimaina nao vaod ko maM~ AaOr ba`a*maNa dao Baaga batae hOMÊ ijasamaoM maM~ sabasao p`acaIna hO. maM~aoM kI vyaa#yaa kao ba`a*maNa ³gaV´ kha gayaa hOÊ jaao ]sako paoYak Aa#yaanaaoM ka vaNa-naÊ ya& ko ivaiQa ivaQaana tqaa ]samaoM maM~aoM ko p`yaaoga ko baaro maoM batayaa gayaa hO. tba tk ba`a*maNa na tao vaNa- qaa AaOr na hI jaaitÊ jaao Aaja doKnao saunanao kao imalata hO. ba`a*maNaaoM ko piriSaYT AarNyak hOMÊ jaOsao yajauvao-d ko Satpqa ³saaO rasto vaalao´ ba`a*maNa ka Aintma Baaga baRhdarNyak ]pinaYad ek bahut hI mah%vapUNa- hO. laoikna saBaI AarNyak ]pinaYad nahIM hOÊ ha^ iknhIM – iknhIM AarNyakaoM ko Aintma Baaga maoM ]pinaYad imalata hO. jaOsao eo%troya ]pinaYad\ maoM eo%troya AarNyak AaOr tOi%trIya ]pinaYad maoM tOi%trIya AarNyak ko Aintma Baaga hO. [-Sa ]pinaYadÊ yajauvao-d saMihtaÊ maM~ ko Ant maoM AatI hO.
    dUsarI ]pinaYadoM p`aya: iksaI na iksaI ba`a*maNa yaa AarNyak ko Ant maoM AatI hO. jaOimaina ko Anausaar– ba`a*maNaÊ vaod ko Ant maoM Aato hOM tqaa AarNyak, ba`a*maNa ko Ant maoM Aato hOM. [nhIM karNaaoM sao ]pinaYadaoM kao vaodant Aqaa-t vaod ka Aintma Baaga BaI kha gayaa. dUsaro Aqa- maoM vaOidk kma-kaNDaoM kI Kulakr Aalaaocanaa krnao ko karNa ]pinaYad kao vaod ka Ant krnao vaalaa Aqaa-t vaodant BaI kha gayaa.

    [-Sa ]pinaYad ³700 [-ºpUº ´ :– yah ]pinaYad yajauvao-d saMihta ka AMitma caailasavaa^ AQyaaya hOÊ jaao Azarh pVaoM ka ek CaoTa saa saMga`h hO. [samaoM [-Svar kI sava- vyaapkta kaya- krnao kI Ainavaaya-taÊ vyavahar &ana sao prmaaqa- &ana kI p`Qaanata tqaa &ana AaOr kma- ka samanvaya ko baaro maoM vaNa-na ikyaa gayaa hO. ]pinaYad kta- pazk ko mana maoM mau#ya tIna baataoM kao baOza donaa caahtI hO jaOsao –
1 [-Sa saba jagah basaa huAa hO [sailae iksaI bauro kama ko krto va@t tumhoM [saka Qyaana AaOr [-Sa ka Baya Kanaa caaihe.
2 Baaoga krao yah khnaa batata hOÊ ik ABaI vaOragya ibanaa nakola ko }^T kI BaaMit nahIM CUT pD,a qaa. jaIvana kI vaastivakta AaOr ]sako ilae ja$rI Baaoga saamaga`I ABaI hoya nahIM samaJaI ga[- qaI. saaqa hI vaOyai@tk saMpi%t ko #yaala sao BaI yah ja$rI qaaÊ ik inaQa-na kamagar vaga- Baaoga krao ka Aqa- svaCnd Baaogavaad na samaJa lao [sailae ]napr inayaM~Na krnao ko ilae %yaaga pr BaI jaaor idyaa qaa.
3 Ant maoM maM~ kta- nao vaOyai@tk saMpi%t kI rxaa ko ilae kha ik dUsaro ko Qana ka laaoBa mat krao.

    ]sa va@t ko maM~kta-AaoM ka p`mauK laxya rajasa%ta kao majabaUt krnaa qaa. ]naka dUsara laxyaÊ sa%ta maoM baOzo Aaya- rajaaAaoM ka haqa majabaUt krnaa taik dasa–daisayaaoM ³ ijanhoM yao baajaar maoM baocaa KrIda krto qao´ jaao kama krto–krtoÊ marto hue BaI kuC maaMga na sako AaOr Apnao maailak kI [cCa pr hmaoSaa maaohtaja rho.

    [sa trh ]pinaYad kala ko AarMBa tk Aayaao-M ko }prI Saasak vaga-Ê va puraoiht vaga- ko baIca Baaoga AaOr ivalaasa–p`Qaana jaIvana ]sa saImaa tk phu^ca gayaa qaaÊ ik ]%pIiD,t vaga- ko maUk raoYa ko p`it inaiScaMt qaa. ifr BaI ]nhoM samaaja kI BaItrI ivaYamata ko saaqa Andr–Andr kuZ,to raoYaÊ ko Alaavaa SaaoYakaoM kI Apnao–Apnao laaBa–laaoBa kI pUit- ko ilae inarMtr haoto parspirk klah ]nhoM sauK kI naIMd saaonao nahIM dota qaa. hr pla ]nako mana maoM AaSaMka evaM Baya ]zto rhto qao. inaraSaavaad AaOr Akma-Nyata [sa kdr Ca gayaa qaaÊ ik [sao hTanao ko ilae yah maM~ ilaKnaa pD,a yaha^ kama krto hue hI, saaO vaYa- jaInao kI [cCa rKaoÊ basa yahI AaOr dUsara rasta tumharo ilae nahIMÊ nar maoM kma- nahIM ilaPt haota. ifr BaI ]pinaYad kta- ya& kao vyaqa- batato hue ilaKto hOM ya& ko yao kmajaaor baoD,o hOM [sao ]%tma maana jaao AiBanaMdna krto hOMÊ vao maUZ, ifr–ifr bauZ,apo AaOr maR%yau ko iSakar haoÊ AMQao Wara ilae jaato AMQao kI trh BaTkto hOM. [sa trh samaaja maoM vaod ko p`it SaMka ko saaqa SaaoYak evaM SaaoiYataoM ko baIca AntW-nd kI isqait vyaaPt haoto jaa rhI qaI.

    Candaogya ]pinaYad ³700 [-º pUº ´ :– Aa$iNa gaaOtma ]_alak [sako p`Qaana daSa-inak rho hO. [nako iSaYya ka naama yaa&val@ya qaa. yah ]pinaYad puranaI AaOr saMiQakailana ]pinaYad haonao ko karNa kma- –kaMD kI p`SaMsaa kao nahIM CaoD,a. [sako baavajaUd p`qama AQyaaya ko Ant maoM dala raoTI ko ilae havau–havau ³saamagaana ka Alaap´ krnao vaalao puraihtaoM ka ek idlacasp majaak ikyaa hO –

    bak dalaByaÊ ijasaka dUsara naama glaava maO~oya BaI qaa – kao[- ek ?iYa qaa. vah vaod paz ko ilae ekaMt sqaana maoM rh rha qaa. ]sa samaya ek safod ku%ta vaha^ p`kT huAa. ifr kuC AaOr ku%to Aa gae AaOr ]nhaoMnao safod ku%to sao kha–ik hma BaUKo hOM tuma saama–gaana gaaAaoÊ Saayad [sasao hmaoM kuC Baaojana imala jaae. safod ku%to nao ]nhoM dUsaro idna Aanao kao kha. dalaBya nao ku%taoM kI Aavaaja saunaI qaI. vah BaI safod ku%to ko saamagaana saunanao ko ilae ]%sauk qaa. dUsaro idna ]sanao doKa ik ku%to Aagao pICo ek kI pU^C dUsaro ko mau^h maoM ilae baOz kr gaa rho qao – ihM ! Aaoma\ KavaoMÊ Aaoma\ pIvaoMÊ Aaoma\ dova hmaoM Baaojana doM. ho Anna dova ! hmaaro ilae Anna laavaaoÊ hmaaro ilae [sao laaAao Aaoma\. [sa majaak maoM saamagaayak poT ko ilae ya& ko va@t ek ko pICo ek– dUsaro Agalao ka vas~ pkD,o hue puraoiht ko saamagaana kI nakla ]tarI hO. [sa ]pinaYad ko AazvaoM tqaa AMitma AQyaaya maoM Aa%maa ko saaxaa%kar kI yaui@t bata[- ga[- hOÊ ijasao Aba tk iksaI nao praoxa Aqavaa p`%yaxa $p sao kBaI nahIM doKa.

    Candaogya ko Anausaar eosaa AadoiSat ikyaa gayaa hO ik [sa ba`*ma kao ipta yaa tao Apnao jyaoYT pu~ kao ]pdoSa kro yaa ip`ya iSaYya kao iksaI dUsaro kao higa-ja nahIM. caaho vah [sao jala riht Qana sao pUNa- [sa pRqvaI kao hI @yaaoM na do doÊ yahI ]sasao baZ,kr hOÊ yahI ]sasao baZ, kr hO. ba`*ma kao &anamaya icanhaoM yaa p`tIkaoM maoM ]pasanaa krnao kI baat [sa ]pinaYad maoM jyaada kha gayaa hO. laoikna p`tIkaoM ko $p maoM ba`*ma kI ]pasanaa pr khIM saMdoh na hao jaayao [sailae Aaid%yaÊ AakaSa Aaid kI ]saI $p maoM ]pasanaa krnao kao kha gayaa hO.

    saRiYT ko saMbaMQa mao [sa trh kha gayaa hO – ho saaOmya ! yah phlao ek AiWtIya sad\ ³Baava$p´ hI qaa ]saI kao kao[- khto hOM –yah phlao ek AiWtIya Asad\ ³ABaava $p´ hI qaa [saIilae Asat\ sao sat\ ]%pnna huAa. laoikna saaomya ! kOsao eosaa hao sakta hOÆ kOsao Asat\ sao sat\ ]%pnna haogaaÆ saaomya ! yah phlao ek AiWtIya sad\ hI qaa. ]sanao [-xaNa ³[cCa´ ikyaaÊ maOM bahut hI p`kT hao}^. ]sanao toja ³Aigna´ kao isarjaa. ]sa toja nao [-xaNa ikyaa , , ,]sanao jala kao isarjaa , , ,]sa jala nao Anna kao isarjaa. [sa trh klpnaa kI gayaI hO.

    mana ko saMbaMQa maoM kha gayaa ik – mana Aa%maa sao Alaga AaOr BaaOitk vastu hO. [nako Anausaar mana Anna sao banaa huAa hO. Kayaa huAa Anna tIna trh ka banata hO ³piriNat haota´ hO. ]saka jaao sqaUla Qaatu sa%va hO vah purIYa ³paKanaa´ banata hOÊ jaao ibacalaa vah maaMsa AaOr jaao AitsaUxma vah mana ³banata hO´. , , saaomya ! mana Annamaya hO. , , , dhI ko maqanao pr jaao saUxma ³AMSa hO´ vah }pr ]z jaata hOÊ vah ma@Kna ³saip-:´ banata hO [saI trh saaomya Kayao jaato Anna ka jaao saUxma AMSa hOÊ vah }pr ]z jaata hOÊ vah mana banata hO.

    maui@t AaOr prlaaok :– maui@t AaOr prlaaok ko saMbaMQa maoM ]sa samaya jyaada ivakisat maanyatayaoM nahIM qaI. maui@t kao [sa p`kar batayaa gayaa hO. jaOsao saaomya² maQaumai@Kyaa^ maQau banaatI hO. naanaa p`kar ko vaRxaaoM ko rsaaoM kao saMcaya kr ek rsa kao banaatI hO. jaOsao vah maQau Aapsa maoM fk- nahIM patIÊ maOM Amauk vaRxa ka rsa hU^ yaa maOM Amauk dUsaro vaRxa ka rsa hU^. eosao hI saaomya yah saarI p`jaa sat\ kao p`aPt kr ]saI maoM ivalaIna hao jaatI hO. jaao yaha^ Aa%maa kao na jaanakr p`yaaNa krto–marto hOM ]naka saaro laaokaoM maoM svaocCapUva-k ivacarNa nahIM haota. jaao yaha^ Aa%maa kao jaanakr p`yaaNa krto hOM ]naka saaro laaokaoM maoM svaocCapUva-k ivacarNa haota hO.

    punaja-nma : Candaogya ]pinaYad maoM hI sabasao phlao punaja-nma ³ prlaaok maoM hI nahIM bailk [saI laaok maoM Apnao kmaa-nausaar p`aNaI janma laota hO´ kI baat khI gayaI. Saayad ]sa va@t p`qama p`caarkaoM nao yah nahIM saaocaa haogaa ik ijasa isawaMt ka vah p`caar kr rho hO vah Aagao calakr iktnaa Ktrnaak saaibat haogaa. vah pirisqait ko Anausaar badlanao kI xamata rKnaovaalaI Sai@tyaaoM kao kuinzt kr samaaja kao p`vaah SaUnya nadI ka gaMdlaa panaI banaakr CaoD,ogaa. markr iksaI dUsaro cand` Aaid laaok maoM jaakr Baaoga–BaaoganaaÊ isaf- yaha^ ko SaaoiYat – pIiD,t janaaoM kao dUr kI kaorI AaSaa dota hO. ijasaka BaI AiBap`aya yahI hO ik yaha^ saamaaijak ivaYamata naoÊ jaao tumharo jaIvana kao barbaad kr rKa hO ]sako ilae samaaja maoM ]qala–puqala laanao kI kaoiSaSa na krao. [saI laaok maoM Aakr ifr janma laonaa tao Kasakr dilat – pIiD,t vaga- ko ilae bahut Ktrnaak caIja hO.

    [sa punaja-nma maoM yah hI nahIM ik Aaja ko duKaoM kao BaUla jaaAao. bailk saaqa hI yah BaI batlaayaa gayaa hO ik yaha^ kI saamaaijak ivaYamatae^ jaait vyavasqaa BaI [-Svar p`d%t evaM nyaaya sammat hO. @yaaoMik tumharI hI ipClao janma ka kma- yaa tpsyaa ³duKaoMÊ A%yaacaarpUNa- vaodnaaAaoM´ ko karNa hI saMsaar eosaa banaa hO. [sa ivaYamata ko ibanaa tuma Apnao Aaja ko kYTaoM ka pairtaoiYak nahIM pa sakto. punaja-nma ko saMbaMQa maoM sava-puratna vaa@ya [sa p`kar hO

    saao jaao yaha^ rmaNaIya hO AcCo AacarNa vaalao hOM. yah ja$rI hO ik vah rmaNaIya yaaoina – ba`a*maNa –yaaoinaÊ xai~ya–yaaoina yaa vaOSya–yaaoina kao p`aPt hao. AaOr jaao bauro ³Aacaar vaalao´ hOM yah ja$rI hO ik vah baurI yaaoina –ku%ta yaaoina yaa caaMDala yaaoina kao p`aPt haoM.

    [sa trh ba`a*maNaÊ xai~yaÊ vaOSya kao yaha^ manauYya yaaoina ko Antga-t na maanakr ]nhoM svatM~ yaaoina ka djaa- idyaa hO. @yaaoMik iWja jaaityaaoM kao manauYya– yaaoina maananao pr samaanata ka savaala ]z sakta qaa. laoikna ilaKnao vaalao nao [sa baat kao BaUlaa idyaa ik ?gvaod ko pu$Ya sau@t maoM ba`a*maNaÊ xai~yaÊ vaOSya AaOr SaUd` kao ek hI SarIr ka iBanna–iBanna AMga batayaa hO. yaVip yah klpnaa BaI Aaya-pu~aoM nao maUlainavaaisayaaoM pr ike saamaaijak A%yaacaar pr pda- Dalanao ko ilae hI yah khanaI gaZ,I hO. pr vah BaI jyaada dor tk iTk nahIM payaa. [saIilae ba`a*maNaÊ xai~ya AaOr vaOSya kao svatM~ yaaoina ka djaa- idyaa gayaa tqaa [na tInaaoM vaNaao- kI vaOyai@tk sampi%t AaOr p`Bauta kao Qama- ³kma- fla´ Wara nyaaya sammat batayaa gayaa.

    iptRyaana: [sako saMbaMQa maoM [sa trh kha gayaa hOÊ marnao ko baad saukmaI- laaokantr maoM jaato hOM. ijasao iptraoM ka maaga- BaI kha gayaa hO. ijasa pr jaanao ka trIka [sa p`kar batayaa gayaa hO jaao yao ga`ama maoM rhto [YT AapUt- ³ya& praopkar ko kma-´ dana saovana krto hOM. vah marto va@t QaUe^ sao saMgat haoto hOM. QaUe^ sao rat – rat sao Apr ³ kRYNa´ pxa, Apr pxa sao CO dixaNaayana maasaaoM kao p`aPt haoto hOM. maasaaoM sao iptRlaaok kao iptRlaaok sao AakaSa kao AakaSa sao cand`maa kao p`aPt haoto hOM. vaha^ cand`laaok maoM saMpat ³ imayaad´ ko Anausaar inavaasa kr ifr ]saI rasto sao laaOTto hOM. jaOsao ik cand`maa sao [sa AakaSa kaoÊ AakaSa sao vaayau,Ê vaayau hao QaUma haota hOÊ QaUma hao baadla haota hOÊ baadla hao maoGa haota hOÊ maoGa hao barsata hOÊ tba vao laaOTo jaIva QaanaÊ jaaOÊ AaOYaiQaÊ vanaspitÊ itla ]D,d hao pOda haoto hOÊ jaao Anna Kata hOÊ jaao vaIya- saMicat krta hOÊ vah ifr sao hI pOda haota hO. yaha^ cand`laaok maoM sauK BaaoganaaÊ ifr laaOTkr phlao ]wRt vaa@ya ko Anausaar ba`a*maNa– yaaoinaÊ xai~ya– yaaoina maoM janma laonaa iptRyaana hO.

    dovayaana : mau@t pu$Ya ijasa rasto sao Aintma yaa~a krto hOM ]sao dovayaana yaa dovataAaoM ka pqa kha gayaa hO. puranao vaOidk ?iYayaaoM kao iktnaa AaScaya- haotaÊ yaid vao saunato ik dovayaana vah hO jaao ]nakao [nd` Aaid dovataAaoM kI Aaor nahIM lao jaata. jaOsao dovayaana vaalaa yaa~I – ikrNaaoM kao p`aPt haoto hOM. ikrNa sao idnaÊ idna Barto ³Sau@la´ pxaÊ Barto pxa sao jaao CO ]%trayaNa ko maasa hO. ]nhoM ]na maasaaoM sao saMva%sarÊ saMva%sar sao Aaid%yaÊ Aaid%ya sao cand`maaÊ cand`maa sao ivaVut kao p`aPt haoto hOMÊ ifr Amaanava pu$Ya [na dovayaanaaoM kao ba`*ma ko pasa phu^caata hO. yahI dovapqaÊ ba`*mapqa hO. [sasao jaanaovaalao nahIM laaOTtÊo nahIM laaOTto. yah ]pinaYad maanava samaaja ko ilae iktnaa Ba`amak ivacaar hO.Aaja saaocanao ka ivaYaya hO.

    baRhdarNyak : ³600 [-º pUº´ baRhdarNyak Sau@la yajauvao-d ko Satpqa ba`a*maNa ka Aintma Baaga tqaa ek AarNyak hO. yaagyaval@ya ko ivacaar [saI maoM imalato hOM. [samaoM kula CO AQyaaya hO. kovala iWtIyaÊ tRtIya AaOr catuqa- kuC daSa-inak mah%va ko hO. SaoYa Satpqa ba`a*maNa kI kma-kaMDI ivacaar sao Baro hOM. dUsaro AQyaaya maoM t%va&anaI kaSaIraja AjaatSa~u AaOr AiBayaanaI ba`a*maNa gaagya- ka saMvaad hO. [samaoM gaagya- ka AiBamaana caUr haota hO AaOr xai~ya ko carNaaoM maoM ba`*ma&ana saIKnao kI [cCa p`kT krta hO. tIsaro AQyaaya maoM yaagyaval@ya ko dSa-na hOÊ vah janak ko drbaar maoM dUsaro daSa-inakaoM sao Saas~aqa- kr rho hOM. caaOqao AQyaaya maoM yaagyaval@ya ka janak kao ]pdoSa hO. CzvaoM AQyaaya maoM yaagyaval@ya ko gau$ Aa$NaI tqaa ]sako gau$ p`vaahNa jaOivalaI ko baaro maoM kha gayaa hO. [saI AQyaaya maoM AcCI saMtana ko ilae saa^Z, Aqavaa baOla Aaid ko maaMsa Kanao kI gaiBa-NaI kao ihdayat dI hOÊ jaao yah batata hO ik ABaI tk ba`a*maNaÊ xai~ya gaaO maaMsa kao Apnaa ip`ya KaV maanato qao.

    baRhdarNyak ³3À 9À 6À 21´ maoM dovataAaoM ko AraQak kI tulanaa GarolaU ku%to sao ikyaa gayaa hO.

    baRhdarNyak ³1À 4À 11´ maoM sa vaod yaqaa pSaurova dovaanaama\. Aqaa-t jaao dovata kao Apnao sao Alaga maanakr kao[- ivaiSaYT Sai@t ko $p maoM ]sakI ]pasanaa krta hOÊ vah kovala dovataAaoM ka pSau hO.

    [sa ]pinaYad maoM ba`*ma ko baaro maoM ilaKa hOM –³vah´ na sqaUlaÊ na saUxma–ANau, na h`svaÊ na dIGa-Ê na laalaÊ na CayaaÊ na tmaÊ na saMga rsa gaMQavaalaaÊ na Aa^K– kana– vaaNaI– mana– p`aNa– mauKvaalaaÊ na AaMtirkÊ na baahrIÊ na vah iksaI kao Kata hOÊ na ]sao kao[- Kata hO. ba`*ma ko gauNaaoM ka Ant nahIM naoit–naoit [sa trh ka ivaSaoYaNa BaI ba`*ma ko ilae sava-p`qama [saI kala maoM ikyaa gayaa.

    eotroya ]pinaYad ³600 sao 500 [-º pUº´:– eo%troya ]pinaYad ?gvaod ko eo%troya AarNyak ka ek Baaga hO. eo%troya ba`a*maNa AaOr AarNyak daonaaoM ko rcaiyata maihdasa eo%troya qao. [sa ]pinaYad ko tIna Baaga hO. phlao Baaga maoM saRiYT kao ba`*ma nao kOsao banaayaa – batayaa gayaa hO. dUsaro Baaga maoM tIna janmaaoM ka vaNa-na hO jaao Saayad punaja-nma ko p`itpadk Ait p`acaInatma vaa@yaaoM maoM sao hO. Aintma Baaga maoM p`&anavaad ka p`itpadna hO.

    saRiYT ko saMbaMQa maoM eo%troya ka khnaa hO yah Aa%maa Akolaa hI phlao p`aiNat ³jaIivat´ qaaÊ AaOr dUsara kuC BaI nahIM qaa. ]sanao [-xaNa ikyaa ³mana maoM [cCa ikyaa´ laaokaoM kao isarjaU^. ]sanao [na laaokaoM–jalaÊ ikrNaaoM , ,, ,kao isarjaa. ]sanao [-xaNa ikyaa ik yao laaokpalaaoM kao isarjaoM. ]sanao panaI sao hI ]zakr kimpt ikyaa, ]sao tpayaa. tPt krnao pr ]saka mauK ]saI trh fUT inaklaa, jaOsao ik ANDa. ifr mauK sao vaaNaI–vaaNaI sao AagaÊ naak sao naqaUnao fUT inaklaoÊ naqaUnaaoM sao p`aNaÊ p`aNa sao vaayau. AaKoM fUT inaklaI. AaKaoM sao caxau ³AaMK [ind`ya´ caxau sao Aaid%ya ³saUya-´. daonaaoM kana fUT inaklao. kanaaoM sao Eaao~ ³ kana [ind`ya´. Eaao~ sao idSaae^. %vak\ ³camaD,a´ fUT inaklaa. camaD,o sao raomaÊ raomaaoM sao AaOYaiQa- vanaspityaa^. hRdya fUT inaklaa. hRdya sao mana – mana sao cand`maa. naaiBa fUT inaklaI. naaiBa sao Apana ³vaayau´, Apana sao maR%yau. iSaSna ³jananaoind`ya´ fUT inaklaa. iSaSna sao vaIya- – vaIya- sao jala. ifr ]sa ³pu$Ya´ ko saaqa BaUK Pyaasa lagaa dI.

    yah saRiYT kI bahut puranaI klpnaa hOÊ ijasao vaNa-na kI BaaYaa bata rhI hO. ]pinaYadkar ka str [sa baat ka Vaotk hO ik vah ek hI vaa@ya maoM SarIr tqaa ]sakI [id`yaa^ evaM ivaSva ko pdaqaao-M kI BaI rcanaa batlaata hO. jaOsao panaI sao maanauYa – SarIr AaOr ]samaoM sao mauK Aaid fUT inaklanaa. zIk [saI trh ba`*ma ka BaI klpnaa ikyaa gayaa hOÊ ijasao Agalao AQyaaya maoM ivastar sao idyaa gayaa hO. [sailae ]nhoM yah ilaKnaa pD,a ik ba`*ma Asat\ hOÊ eosaa jaao samaJata hO vah Apnao BaI Asat\ haota hO. ba`*ma sat\ hO jaao samaJata hO ]sao sant khto hOM. yah vaa@ya dSaa-ta hO ik ba`*ma kI klpnaa ABaI p`arMiBak str pr qaa AaOr laaogaaoM kao svaIkaya- nahIM qaa. vahIM baad maoM tO%trIya ]pinaYad 26 maoM kha gayaa ik – carma sa%ya kI p`aiPt ko ilae vaOidk &ana sao ]pr ]znaa AavaSyak hO.

    tRtIya kala kI ]pinaYadoM :– ³500 400 [- , pU ,´

    1 p`Sna ]pinaYad : imaqauna³jaaoD,a´ vaad Bagavana\ ! yah p`jaaeM kha^ sao pOda hu[- Æ ijasaka ipPplaad nao ]%tr idyaa. p`jaapit p`jaa pOda krnao kI [cCavaalaa huAa. ]sanao tp krko yah maoro ilae bahut saI p`jaaAaoM kao banaaeMgao [sa #yaala sao imaqauna ³jaaoD,o´ kao ]%pnna ikyaa. riya ³Qana BaUt´ AaOr p`aNa ³jaIvana´ kao. Aaid%ya p`aNa hO cand`maa riya hI hO , , , . saMva%sar p`jaapit hO ]sako dixaNa AaOr ]%tr dao Ayana hO. , , , jaao iptRyaana ³ko CO maasa´ hO vahI riya hO . , , , maasa p`jaapit hO ]saka kRYNa pxa riya hO Sau@la ³pxa´ p`aNa hO. idna –rat p`jaapit hO ]saka idna p`aNa hOÊ rat riya hO . [sa p`kar p`Sna ]pinaYad ka p`Qaana ?iYa ipPplaad hOÊ jaao ivaSva kao dao– dao imaqauna t%vaaoM maoM ivaBa@t kr ]sao WOtmaya maanata hO. yaVip riya AaOr p`aNa daonaaoM imalakr p`jaapit ko $p maoM ek hao jaato hOM.

    2 kona ]pinaYad : [sa kala tk Aa%maa ko baaro maoM laaoga isaw krnao maoM lagao qao. ]nhoM samaJa nahIM Aa rha qaaÊ ik iksa p`kar Aa%maa ka SarIr sao Alaga tqaa [ind`yaaoM ka p`ork haonaa isaw ikyaa jaaya. ABaI BaI Aa%maa klpnaa ka ivaYaya rha hO. Aa%maa kao carma sa%ya tqaa pUjanaIya batayaa hO AaOr gaaola – maaola tqaa rhsyamaya ZMga sao kha hO jaao ba`*ma kao jaanata hOM vah vastut: nahIM jaanata, AaOr jaao nahIM jaanata vahI ]sao jaanata hOM.

    3 kz ]pinaYad : naicakota yama samaagama – kz SaaKa ko Antga-t haonao ko karNa [saka naama kz pD,a hO. yah pVmaya hO tqaa Bagavad\gaIta maoM [saka kafI AMSa ilayaa gayaa hO. naicakota AaOr yama kI p`isaw khanaI [saI ]pinaYad ka hO.

    naicakota ka ipta ApnaI saarI sampi%t dana kr rha qaaÊ ijasamaoM ]sakI A%yaMt baUZ,I gaayaoM BaI qaI. naicakota [na gaayaaoM kao dana donao yaaogya nahIM samaJata qaa @yaaoik panaI pInaaÊ tRNa KanaaÊ dUQa duhnaa ijana gaayaaoM ka Ktma hao cauka hao ]sakao donaovaalaa data Aanandriht laaok maoM jaata hO. sava-sva dana ka SabdSa: Aqa- ko Anausaar vah BaI dana maoM Saaimala haota hO .

    [sapr naicakota nao Apnao ipta sao pUCa mauJao iksao doto hao. [sapr ]sako ipta nao kha tuJao maR%yau kao dota hU^. naicakota maR%yau ko dovata yama ko pasa calaa gayaa. vaha^ tIna idna tk BaUKa Pyaasaa [Mtjaar krnao ko baad yama sao imalaa. Aitiqa kao BaUKo Pyaasao doKkr ]sasao tIna vardana maaMganao kao kha ijasamaoM tIsara va mah%vapUNa- hO.

    naicakota : jaao yah maro manauYya ko baaro maoM sandoh hO. kao[- khta hO – hO. kao[- khta hO – yah ³jaIva´ nahIM hO. tuma eosaa ]pdoSa dao ik maOM jaanaU^. varaoM maoM yah tIsara var hO.

    yama : [sa ivaYaya maoM dovaaoM nao phlao sandoh ikyaa qaa. yah saUxma ³Qama-´ baat jaananao maoM saukr nahIM hO. naicakota dUsara var maaMgaao mat Aaga`h krao. [sao CaoD, dao.

    naicakota : dovaaoM nao [samaoM sandoh ikyaa qaa. ho maR%yau! ijasao tuma jaananao maoM saukr nahIM khto. tumharo jaOsaa [saka matlaba batanaovaalaa dUsara nahIM imala sakta [sako samaana kao[- dUsara var nahIM.

    yama : ma%ya-laaok maoM jaao jaao kama Baaoga dula-Ba hO ]na saBaI kamaaoM kao svaocCa sao maaMgaao. , , marNa ko saMbaMQa maoM mauJasao mat pUCao.

    naicakota : kla [saka ABaava haonaovaalaa hO. ho Antk Ñ ma%ya- ³marNaQamaa- manauYya´ kI [ind`yaaoM ka toja jaINa- haota hO. bailk saara jaIvana hI qaaoD,a hO. yao GaaoD,o tmharo hI rhoMÊ naR%ya–gaIt tmharo hI pasa rhoM. ijasa mahana\ prlaaok ko ivaYaya maoM laaoga sandoh krto hOM. ho maR%yau Ñ hmaoM ]saI ko ivaYaya maoM batlaaAao. [sako isavaaya dUsara nahIM maaMgata.

    
yama nao naicakota kao ]pdoSa doto hue batayaa ik :– saunaao [ind`yaaoM sao pro Aqaa-t }prÊ Aqa- ³ivaYaya´ hOÊ Aqaao-M sao pro manaÊ mana sao pro bauiwÊ bauiw sao pro mahana\ Aa%maa ³maht\ t%va´ hO. mahana\ sao pro prma Avya@t ³maUla p`kRit´Ê Avya@t sao pro pu$Ya hO. pu$Ya sao pro kuC nahIMÊ vahI prakaYza hOÊ vahI ³pra´ gait hO. ifr kha hO ik }pr maUla rKnaovaalaa naIcao SaaKavaalaa yah Asva%qa ³vaRxa´ sanaatna hO. vahI SauË hOÊ vahI ba`*ma hO. ]saI kao AmaRt kha jaata hO tqaa ]saI maoM saaro laaok AaiEat hOM. ]sakao kao[- AitËmaNa nahIM kr sakta. yahI vah ³ba`*ma´ hO.

    AaOr– ANau sao A%yaMt ANauÊ mahana\ sao A%yaMt mahana\ ,vah Aa%maa na jantu kI gauha dya maoM iCpa huAa hO. AaOr BaIÊ vaha^ saUya- nahIM p`kaSataÊ na caa^d taroÊ na yah ibajailayaa^ p`kaSatI, ³ifr´ yah Aaga kha^ sao p`kaSaogaI. ]saI ³ba`*ma´ ko p`kaiSat haonaoprÊ saba pICo sao p`kaSato hOM ]saI kI p`Baa sao yah saba p`kaSata hO. , , , ,. [sa trh sao [sa kala ko ]pinaYad BaI ba`*ma ko [d- igad- GaUmata rha hO.

    mauMDk ]pinaYad\ :– mauMDk ka Aqa- hO mau^D,o iSarvaalaa yaanaI gaRh%yaagaI pirva`ajak iBaxau yaa sanyaasaI haota hO. bauw ko samaya eosao mauMDk bahut qao. svayaM bauw AaOr ]nako iBaxau saMGa mauMDk qao. mauMDk kma-kaMD ko ivaraoQaI qao. jaOsao vao khto hO ya& $pI yao baoD,o yaa Garna[yaa^ kmajaaor hOM , ,. jaao maUZ, [sao AcCa ³kh´ kr AiBanandna krto hOM vao ifr–ifr baUZ,apo AaOr maR%yau kao p`aPt haoto hOM. AivaVa ³A&ana´ ko BaItrÊ vat-maana Apnao kao QaIr AaOr pMiDt samaJanaovaalao vao maUZ, AMQao Wara ilavaae jaatoÊ AMQaaoM kI BaaMit duK pato BaTkto hOM.

    maaMDU@ya ]pinaYad\ :– Aaoma\ ³!´ Sabd kao [sa ]pinaYad maoM phlaI baar BaUtÊ vat-maana AaOr BaivaYya ko saaqa jaaoD,a gayaa. [saIkala maoM AaoMkar kao ba`*ma ko saaqa imalaato hue Aagao kha hO saba kuC yah ba`*ma hO. yah Aa%maa ³jaIva´ ba`*ma hO , , , ,vah Aa%maa AxaraoM ko baIca AaoMkar hO.

    catuqa-kala kI ]pinaYadoM ³200 – 100 [-º pUº´ :

    yao tInaaoM kaOiYatikÊ maO~I AaOr SvaotaSvatr ]pinaYadoM bauw kala ko baad ko hOM. [na ]pinaYadaoM maoM kuC pirvat-na imalato hO. [sasao phlao ko ]pinaYadaoM maoM lagaBaga vahI baatoM [nako laoKkaoM Wara baar–baar ]llaoiKt ikyaa gayaa hOM. baad ko BaI ]pinaYadaoM maoM ]nako saaocanao ka ivaYaya lagaBaga vahI rha hOÊ iptRyaanaÊ dovayaanaÊ ba`*maÊ Aa%maaÊ jaIvaÊ maui@t AaOr maui@t ko saaQanaÊ saRiYT va &anaÊ Qyaana [%yaaid. laoikna ]namaoM saaocanao ko trIko maoM Kasakr bauw ko ivacaar kao iksaI na iksaI $p maoM samaavaoSa krnao ka kaoiSasa ikyaa hO. ifr BaI vao ba`*ma AaOr Aa%maa maoM icapko rhoÊ yah jaanato hue ik [saka sa%ya sao proÊ kao[- Alaga sao Aist%va hI nahIM hO.

    kaOiYatik ]pinaYad ³200 [-º pUº´ :– kaOiYakoya ]pinaYad ko caar AQyaaya hO. p`qama AQyaaya maoM Candaogya baRhdarNyak kao hI lagaBaga duhrayaa gayaa hO. iWtIya AQyaaya maoM pu~Qana Aaid panao ko baaro maoM vaNa-na hO. tRtIya AQyaaya maoM ?gvaodIya rajaa tqaa BaarWaja ko yajamaana ³vaiSaYzÊ ivaSvaaima~ ko yajamaana´ saudasa ko ipta idvaaodasa ko vaMSaja p`tvad-na kao [nd` laaok maoM saSarIr jaanao kI baat tqaa [nd` sao saMvaad ka vaNa-na hO. ijasamaoM [nd` Wara p`aNa ko baaro maoM BaI batayaa gayaa hO. catuqa- AQyaaya gaagya- baailaka ka kuSaInagar maoM GaUmato hue kaSaIraja AjaatSa~u kao ba`*ma ivaVa isaKanao ka p`yaasa krto– krto ]saka hI iSaYya bana jaanao ko baaro maoM ilaKa gayaa hO.

    maO~I ]pinaYad ³200 sao 100 [-º pUº ´ :– yaha^ phlao caar AQyaaya bauw ko baad ko daSa-inak ivacaar sao p`Baaivat hO. rajaa baRhdrqa ka Saa@yaayana ko pasa jaanao ko ivaYaya maoM vaNa-na hO. maO~I ko dSa-na maoM dao p`kar ko Aa%maaAaoM ka vaNa-na hO. ek Sauw Aa%maa jaao SarIr maoM p`aduBaU-t hao ApnaI maihmaa sao p`kaSamaana haotI hO. dUsarI BaUt Aa%maa ijasapr AcCo–bauro kmaao-M ka p`Baava haota hO AaOr yahI Aavaagamana maoM AatI hO. Sauw Aa%maa SarIr kao vaOsao hI saMcaailat krta hOÊ jaOsao kumhar ca@ko kao calaata hO. vaOragya AaOr Aa%maa ko baaro maoM BaI vaNa-na imalata hO.

    SvaotaSvatr ³200 sao 100 [-º pUº´:      yaha^ $d` kI maihmaa saaM#ya dSa-na ko p`kRit pu$Ya ³jaIva´ maoM [-Svar kao jaaoD, WOtvaad sao BaI Aagao baZ,kr ~Otvaad tqaa yaaoga [naka Kasa ivaYaya rha hO. AWOtvaad ba`*ma ko sqaana pr ~Otvaad – jaIva [-Svar AaOr p`kRit ka p`itpadna ikyaa hO. yaaoga ko Alaavaa jaIvaa%maaÊ prmaa%maa tqaa SaOva saMp`daya AaOr WOtvaad ko baaro maoM BaI vaNa-na ikyaa hO.

    ]pinaYad ko kuC Kasa jaananao yaaogya baatoM :

    mauNDkaopinaYad³1À1À3´Ê kz ]pinaYad³2À5À4À8´Ê vaRhdarNk ]pinaYad ³3À9À28´ :

    1 vah @yaa hO ijasaka &ana hao jaanao SaoYa saba kuC &at hao jaata hO.
    2 vah @yaa hO jaao sada sacaotna rhta hO AaOr saRiYT kaya- maoM saMlagna rhta hO. yaVip SarIr inad`a maoM Acaot pD,a rhta hO.
    3 vah kaOna saa maUla hO ijasasao jaIvana ka vaRxa AnQao AivacCodk Wara baarMbaar kaTo jaanao pr BaI ina%ya navaIna ]idt haota rhta hO.

    tO%trIya ]pinaYad ko Anausaar : kovala vahI t%va Aqaa-t ba`*ma [sa jagat ka maUla kha jaa sakta hOÊ ijasasao saBaI vastuAaoM ka ]%pi%t haoÊ saBaI vastuAaoM ko sa%ta ka AaQaar hao AaOr AMtt: saBaI vastuAaoM ka laya hao.

    ba`*ma : [sao dao p`kar sao pirBaaiYat ikyaa gayaa hO. ba`*ma ekao iWtIyaao naaist. laoKk kBaI ba`*ma kao Aa%maa ko sva$p maoM doKta hO, tao kBaI daonaaoM kao Alaga–Alaga $p maoM pirBaaiYat krnao ka p`yaasa krta hO. ]pinaYad ko [na saBaI laoKkaoM maoM p`aya: maanaisak Wndta kI isqait vyaaPt rha hO. ba`*ma ko ]d\gaata hI ba`*ma kao nahIM samaJa payaoÊ ifr Aama janata @yaa samaJa sakogaI.

    pra : inagau-NaÊ inaiva-SaoYaÊ inaYklauYaÊ inarMjana tqaa ina$paiQa hO.

    ³sat\ icat\ AanaMd sva$pÊ naoit –naoitÊ ABaavaa%mak´

    Apra : sagauNaÊ saivaSaoYaÊ sava-BaaOimak, saaopaiQa hO. ³prmaa%maa sva$p [it [it Baavaa%mak´

    vaaca : kao BaI ba`*ma kha gayaa hO ijasaka Aqa- hO SabdÊ jaao t%va nahIM hO. Aqaa-t ba`*ma kalpinak Sai@t $p hO jaao laoKk ko sausauPt Avasqaa yaa A&anata kao dSaa-ta hO.

    Aa%maa : [sao prma\ sat\ maanaa gayaa hO. yah jaD, AaOr jaIva jagat sao iBanna hO. [sao Ajanmaa ina%ya Saasvat t%va BaI kha gayaa hO. Sauw caOtnya ek maa~ sva$p hOÊ ica%t $p haonao ko karNa yah ba`*ma sao AiBanna hOÊ Aqaa-t ek hO. yah BaaOitk nahIM, AaQyaai%mak hO. ek Sai@t sva$p hO [sao dRiYTgaaocar nahIM ikyaa jaa sakta hO. At: ]pinaYad ko laoKkaoM nao [sao AMQaaMo ko haqaI sao ]pmaa idyaa hO. kuC laoKkaoM nao [sa trh batayaa hO. baRhdarNyak ]pinaYad ³11À 6À 1´ Aa%maa hRdya maoM isqat hO AaOr ek caavala yaa jaaO ko danao ko samaana laGau hO ifr BaI vah savaa-iQapit hO.

    Aa%maa ko kaoSa : AnnamayaÊ p`aNamayaÊ manaaomayaÊ iva&anamaya tqaa Aanandmaya kaoSa batayaa gayaa hO. iksaI nao Aa%maa ka sqaana maistYk BaI batayaa hO. yaid eosaa hO tao ]sao kha^ – kha^ ZUZ,a jaaya saaocanaa pD,ogaa. [sa trh doKa jaaya tao Aa%maa ek kalpinak jagat ka BaUla–BaUlaOyaa rha hO. ]saka sa%yaapna krnao maoM vaOidk ?iYa Axama rho hOM.

    Aa%maa kI AvasqaayaoM :

    jaaigat Avasqaa : caotnaa yaa &ana ka ivaYaya vaa*ya saMsaar yaa vaOSvaanar Avasqaa

    svaPna Avasqaa : caotnaa ka ivaYaya AaMtirk yaa tojasa Avasqaa

    p`a& Avasqaa : Aa%maa Andr yaa baahr iksaI ka ]pBaaoga nahIM krtI kovala AanaMd ka ]pBaaoga krtI hO.

    turIya Avasqaa : Sauw caotna Avasqaa Aqaa-t [sa Avasqaa maoM Andr vaa*ya AanaMd iksaI ka ]pBaaoga nahIM krtI hO. [sao vaOidk laaoga prma t%va BaI khto hOM.

    maaoxa : vaod inaiht kmaao-M sao svaga- p`aPt haota hO jaao vaOidk ya&aoM ko puNya ka fla hO. laoikna puNya ka fla icarsqaayaI nahIMÊ At: puNya ko samaaPt haoto hI puna: QartI – maR%yaulaaok maoM Aanaa pD,ta hO. yah janma marNa kI samasyaa ka inadana nahIM. At: p`aNaI maa~ pirinavaa-Na Wara hI janma marNa ko baMQana sao mau@t hao sakta hO.

    jaOsao hI hma AaOr Aagao baZ,to hO gaaOtma bauw ko baad vaOidk ga`MqaaoM maoM tojaI sao maaoD, Aayaa hO. bahudovavaadÊ ekoSvarvaadÊ ba`*ma AaOr Aa%maa ko Aist%va kao jaba saMBaala nahIM payaoÊ tba Avatarvaad kI Aaor mauD, gayao AaOr kma-kaND kao pICo Zkolato hue &anakaND kI Aaor Aga`isat hue. Avatarvaad maoM saakar [-Svar Aqaa-t maanava $p ivaYNau ka sva$p barahÊ maInaÊ kcCpÊ narisamha maoM doKto hue puna: maanava $p kRYNaÊ rama kI Aaor vaapsa calao Aato hO.

    ek Aaor ?gvaod ka kRYNa Asaur haota hOÊ jaao Aaya- saonaapit [nd` sao kailandI nadI ko tT pr BayaMkr yauw krta hO. ijanaka ijaË Alaga Alaga maM~aoM maoM ?gvaod maoM baarh baar ikyaa gayaa hO. vahIM mahaBaart Aqavaa gaIta ka kRYNa sava-vyaapIÊ saba kuC jaananao vaalaa &ata [-Svar ka Avatar hao jaata hO. [nhoM BaI gaaovaQa-na phaD, pr [nd` sao laD,to hue janata ka rxak batayaa gayaa hO. dUsarI Aaor kRYNa kao nagna gaaoipyaaoM sao rasa laIlaa krto hueÊ prayaI pi%na raQaa sao po`ma p`saMga krto batayaa jaata hOÊ tao vahIM ]saI kRYNa kao d`aOpdI ko caIrhrNa maoM naarI ko [jjat ka rKvaalaa banaa idyaa jaata hO. mahaBaart ka mau#ya pa~ Ajau-na kao &anakaND kI iSaxaa BaI [nhIM ko mauK sao idlaayaa jaata hO.

    batayaa jaata hO ik gaIta AaOr mahaBaart ka rcanaa kalaÊ jaoimanaI AaOr Bad`ayaNa ko samaya ko baad ka hO @yaaoMik [na ga`MqaaoM maoM [naka ijaË imalata hO. At: pirisqaityaaoM ko Anau$p [na ganqaaoM maoM maaoD, Aanaa svaaBaaivak BaI hO.

    gaIta AaOr inaYkma- kma- – Daº AmbaoDkr ko Anausaar gaIta kI rcanaa bauw ko baad Baart maoM Aayao Ëaint ko pirNaama sva$p ek p`itËaint ko $p maoM vaOidk dSa-na maoM pirvat-na najar Aata hO. [sao nakara%mak caotnaa BaI kha jaa sakta hO. p`acaIna Baart ko saBaI Qaaima-k tqaa daSa-inak samp`dayaaoM kao yaid inaYpxa Baava AaOr gamBaIrtapUva-k AQyayana ikyaa jaaya tao ]namaoM &anaa%mak evaM vaOcaairk saMGaYa- Aqavaa Wnd evaM p`itWnd inarntr calato rho hOM. [sao ivaWanaaoM nao Ëaint tqaa p`itËaint kha hO. gaIta ka ]d\gaar baaOiwk Ëaint ko p`itkar sva$pÊ vaOidk p`itËaint ka pirNaama najar Aata hO. [saIilae [samaoM &ana kaND, kma-kaND AaOr Bai@t kaND ka samaavaoSa baad maoM ikyaa gayaa hO. ijasamaoM &ana kaND bauw dSa-na sao ilayaa gayaa tqaa kma- AaOr Bai@t kaND vaOidk ga`MqaaoM sao ilayaa gayaa p`tIt haota hO. gaIta ko Anausaar yao tInaaoM maaga- barabar svaga- sauK p`dana krtI hO AaOr maaoxadayaI batayaa gayaa jaao baad ka pirvat-na hO.

    kma- yaaoga : kma- yaaoga ka matlaba kovala kaya- krnaa nahIM varna\ vaod sammat kma-kaND hO.

    kta- ³caotnaa´ kta-pna yaa mamata ka %yaaga : kaiyak yaa maanaisak kma- maoM kt-vya ka ABaava tqaa kamanaa ka ABaava ijasao inaYp`hBaava BaI khto hOM. jaao inaYkama yaa Anaasa@t kma- hO.

    Aasai@t yaa tRYNaa ka %yaaga : svakma- hI svaQama- kao p`oirt krta hOÊ ijasaka mau#ya Eaaot vaNaa-Eama Qama- hO. gaIta ³5À 10´ ko Anausaar

    ba`*maNyaaQaaya kmaa-iNa saMgaM %ya@%vaa kraoit ya:.
    ilaPyato na sa papona pd\map~imavaamBasaa..

    Aqaa-t Aasa@t ko ABaava maoM pu$Ya kma- krta huAa BaIÊ jala maoM kmala ko p%to ko samaana pap sao ilaPt nahIM haota.
    kma- ko ilae p`orNaa : kma-NyaovaaiQakarstu maa flaoYau kdacanama\.

    kma- krto jaaAaoÊ fla kI icanta mat krao.Aqaa-t inaYkama kma- manaaovaO&ainak dRiYT sao AsaMBava hO. satÊ rjaÊ tma p`kRit ko tIna p`mauK gauNa hO [sasao dsa [ind`yaa^ tqaa SabdÊ rsaÊ gaMQa Aaid paMca ivaYaya ]%pnna haoto hOM. [na gauNaaoM ko karNa Ant: krNa AaOr [ind`yaa^ ivaYaya ga`hNa krÊ kaya- krtI hO. bauiw ivaYaya kao inaiScat krtI hOÊ AaMKoM doKtI hOÊ kana saunata hO [%yaaid. [ind`yaa^ ivaYayaao@t hO. At: gauNa riht kma- ko ilae [ind`yaaoM kao mana Wara p`oirt nahIM ikyaa jaa sakta.

    &ana yaaoga : gaIta ba`a*maNa inaiht vaOidk &ana kao hI mah%va doto hue bauw ko ivacaar kao BaI baIca maoM samaavaoSa krta hO.jaOsao prmaa%maa maoM ivalaIna haonaa samata yaa sama%va Baava kao dSaa-ta hO. saticat\ AanaMd samaBaava [sa trh vya@t krta hO.

    Aa%magat : sauK – duK maoM barabar ka AnauBava krnaa..
    vastugat : ima~ Aqavaa Sa~u ko saaqa kao[- Baod nahIM krnaa.
    gauNaatIt : sauK – duKÊ laaBa – hainaÊ jaya – prajaya maoM barabar ka Baava.
    ek%va dSa-na : ba`*ma sa%yaM jagat imaqyaa. Aqaa-t ba`*ma hI Aa%maa hO AaOr Aa%maa hI ba`*ma hO. [sako Anausaar BaaOitk jagat kao imaqyaa batayaa gayaa hO.gaIta ³5À 18´

    ivaVa ivanaya saMpnnao ba`a*maNao gaiva histina.
    Sauina caOva svapako ca piNDta: samadSa-na:..

    sava-~ samaBaava ba`a*maNaÊ caaNDala maoM kao[- Baod nahIMÊ jaao saunanao maoM AcCa tao lagata hO pr vyavahar maoM zIk ]lTa haota hO. flasva$p jaaitvaad ka iklaa iZlaa haonao ko bajaaya majabaUt huAa.

    Bai@t yaaoga: inasvaaqa-Baava sao saovaa krnaa. [sao p`oma yaaoga BaI kha jaata hO. ijasamaoM Ba> AaOr Bagavaana ko baIca Anaasa@t Baava saMbaMQa kao dSaa-ta hO. Ba@t kI yahI isqaitÊ SarNaagat kI hO.

    Ba@t ko gauNa : Bagavaana ko gauNaaoM kao saunanaaÊ smarNa krnaaÊ gauNagaana krnaaÊ carNa saovaaÊ pUjaaÊ bandnaa krnaaÊ Bagavaana yaa Apnao svaamaI kI dasata svaIkarnaa ]sao ima~ samaJanaa tqaa Aa%ma samap-Na krnaa yao naaO gauNa haonaa dSaa-yaa gayaa hO.gaIta ³18À46´

    naahM basaaiama baOkunzo yaaoiganaaM hRdyao na ca.
    mad Ba>a ya~ gaayaint t~ itYzaima naard..
    jaha^ Ba@t gauNagaana krta hOÊ maOM vahIM rhta hU^. maOM baOkunz yaa yaaoigayaaoM ko pasa nahIM rhta.
    sava-Qamaa-ina pir%yajya maamaokM SarNaM ba`ja.
    AhM %vaaM sava-papoByaao maaoxaiyasyaaima maa sauca:.

    saba Qamaao- kao CaoD,kr tuma maoro SarNa maoM AaAaoÊ maOM tuJao samast papaoM sao mau@t kr dUMgaaÊ tU Saaok mat kr.

    [sa trh Bai@t &ana va kma- tInaaoM maaga- kao samaana batayaa gayaa hO. jaao vyai@t caaho kao[- maaga- ApnaayaoÊ prmaa%maa kao p`aPt haota hO. &anakma- yau@t Bai@t yaa kma-Bai@t yau@t &ana yaa ifr Bai@t&ana yau@t kma- tInaaoM maaga- gaIta ko Anausaar samaana hO.

    gaIta vaodao@t vaNa- Baod ka jabardst samaqa-k hO. [sa sandBa- maoM ApnaI yaui@t dotI hO. ³AQyaaya 18 Sloak 41 sao 48 tk´ ijasamaoM kRYNa nao kha hO ik p`%yaok vyai@t kao Apnao vaNa- ko ilae inaQaa-irt kt-vya hI krnaa caaihe AaOr ]nhoM Anya kao[- kt-vya nahIM krnaa caaihe. vah ]na laaogaaoM kao caotavanaI doto hOM jaao ]nakI pUjaa krto hOM tqaa ]nako Ba@t hOM. yao laaoga kovala Bai@t krnao sao hI maaoxa p`aPt nahIM kr sakoMgao. [sako ilae ]nhoM Bai@t Baava ko saaqa ]na kt-vyaaoM kao BaI krnaa haogaa, jaao ]nako vaNa- ko ilae inaQaa-irt hO. saMxaop maoM SaUd` caaho iktnaa hI mahana Ba@t @yaaoM na hao yaid ]sanao SaUd` ko kt-vya ka ]laMGana ikyaa hO Aqaa-t ]sanao ]cca vaga- ko laaogaaoM kI saovaa krto hue jaIvanayaapna nahIM ikyaa hOÊ tao ]sao maaoxa p`aPt nahIM haogaa. [sasao yah spYT haota hO ik gaIta Aama janata ko iht ko ilae nahIM varna\ ivaiSaYT vaga- ko iht maoM banaayaa gayaa laoK hO. [samaoM kuC Kasa laaogaaoM kao AiQakar tao dota hOÊ laoikna bahusaM#yak SaUd` vaga- kao AiQakar ivaihna banaata hOÊ ba`a*maNavaad ka paoYak hO.

    ramaayaNa kI rcanaakar baailmakI kao batayaa jaata hOÊ jaao puYyaima~ ko samaya yaa ]sako baad ka kiva hO. puYyaima~ nao phlao baar saakot ka naama badlakr AyaaoQyaa rKa AaOr Apnaa rajaQaanaI banaayaa. vaha^ ko saundr saraovar sao sausaijjat vaaiTka ka manaaorma dRYya ka ica~Na imalata hO ³vaaolgaa sao gaMgaa´. tulasaIkRt ramaayaNa jaao baailmakI kala sao lagaBaga 1500 saala baad ilaKI gayaIÊ baailmakI ramaayaNa sao kafI iBanna hO. tulasaI kRt ramaayaNa Sauwt: ba`a*maNaaoM ko iht kao Qyaana maoM rKkr ilaKI gayaI hO. [samaoM vaNa- evaM jaait– Baod kao majabaUt krnao ka p`yaasa ikyaa hO ivap` Qaonau, saur saMt iht laIna manauja Avatar , , , pUijaya ivap` SaIla gauNa hInaaÊ SaUd` na gauNa gana &ana p`vaINaa. jao vaNaa-Qama tolaI kumharaÊ svapca ikrat kaola klavaara.

    Aagao calakr yao kovala dovataAaoM pr hI inaBa-r nahIM rhtoÊ dovaI Sai@tyaaoM kI Aaor tojaI sao Baagato hue sarsvatI kao ivaVa kI dovaI GaaoiYat krÊ laxmaI AaOr dugaa- kao BaI Avatarvaad kI Aaor GasaIT laoto hO. KUna sao latpqa dovaI sao laokr Svaot pUjaa kao Aba tk jaarI rKa gayaa. SaMkracaaya- AaOr mazaoM kI sqaapnaa sao vaOidk ivacaarQaara kao nayaa Aayaama imalaa. nayao ZMga sao p`acaIna gau$kula kao puna-jaIivat krnao lagao ³ ijasakI cacaa- Aagao EaI SaMkracaaya-–AWOtvaad AaOr vaOidk Qama- ko puna$-wark maoM ivastar sao ikyaa jaayaogaa´. vat-maana pirisqaityaaoM ko Anaukula nayao- nayaoÊ dovaI – dovataAaoM ka AivaYkar haonao lagaa. p`acaIna kala ko ya&aoM maoM haonaovaalao saamaUihk ihMsaa ko badlaoÊ Aba AihMsak ya&, jaOsao gaaya~I ya& Aaid kI Aaor maaoD, ilayao. ijana SaUd`aoM kao hjaaraoM saala tk vaOidk maM~ saunanaa BaI manaa qaa ]nhooM Aaja pUjaa– haoma– ya&aoM maoÊ baZ,– caZ, kr Saaimala ikyaa jaanao lagaa. [samaoM kao[- ]darta nahIM varna\ saaocaI samaJaI caala najar AatI hO. SaUd`aoM ko Alaavaa AspRSya samaaja kao BaIÊ Aaja p`vaoSa donao pr Aamada hao gayao. [sa trh ba`a*maNa ga`nqaaoM maoM ihMsak sao AihMsak tk Aanao maoM AnaokaoM pirvat-na najar Aato hO.

    Aayaao-M ko Baart maoM Aanao sao pUva- isanQau ³ kI ]pa%yaka´ GaaTI maoM AsaIiryaaÊ maosaaopaoTaimayaa kI samasaamaiyak ek saBya maUla– inavaasaI samaaja rhta qaaÊ ijanhoM naaga – d`ivaD, samaudaya ko naama sao jaanaa jaata qaa. sar jaana maaSa-la ko matanausaar–Aayaao-M nao [na naaga – d`ivaD,aoM kao prast kr lagaBaga 1800 [-saa pUva- isanQau ]pa%yaka maoM Apnaa AaiQap%ya jamaayaa. maaohna– jaaodD,ao AaOr hD,Ppa kI Kuda[yaaoM sao pta calata hOÊ ik Aayaao- ko Aanao sao pUva- Baart maoM kRiYaÊ iSalp evaM vaaiNajya ko AByast vyavasaayaI rhto qao. tama` evaM pItla yauga maoM rhto hue BaI ]nhaMonao kafI ]nnait kI qaI. ]naka ek saaMgaaopaMga Qama- qaaÊ jaao ek trh kI ica~– ilaip qaI. yaVip ica~ – ilaip maoM jaao maud`ae^ AaOr dUsarI laoKna saamaga`I imalaI hO ]sao ABaI tk pZ,a nahIM jaa sakaÊ laoikna dUsarI prIxaaAaoM sao maalaUma haota hO ik isanQau – GaaTI kI saByata Asaur ³jaao saurapana nahIM krto qao´ AaOr kaldI saByata ko samakailak hI nahIMÊ varna ]nakI BaiganaI saByata qaI. ivadoSaI Aayaao- va doSaI naaga –d`ivaD, Anaayaao-M kI saByata maoM [sa trh kafI iBannata najar AatI hO.