CHHATTISGARH AT A GLANCE
Intersected by these meandering rivers and dotted with hills and plateaus, the state has varied natural settings of great beauty. To the north of river Shivnath there were 18 garhs belonging to the Kalchuris and to the South there were another 18 garhs belonging to the Kalchuris of Raipur. Hence, the total of these 36 Garhs (Forts) formed the basis of naming this region as Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarh lies between 17 - 46' to 24 - 5' North and 80 - 15' to 84 - 20' East. It covers an area of 1,35,133 Sq. kms. bordering six other states - Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand in the North, Orissa in the East, Andhra Pradesh in the South, Maharashtra in the South West and Madhya Pradesh in the North West.
Chhattisgarh is situated in central india surrounded by Madhyapradesh, Uttarpradesh, Bihar, Orissa and Jharkhand State. Mahanadi Hasdeo Shivnath are the principal river of this State. Jokh reiver is situated near by Girodpuridham. The fertility of lands of Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg, Rajnandgoan, and Kawardha districts can be attributed to the presence of these rivers. Raipur is Capital of Chhattisgarh State.It constitutes 16 districts after formation of new state in Nov 2000.
'Chhattisgarhi' is the local language that most of the people in this area love to converse in. This culture has unique styles of music and dance. Raut Nacha, Dewar Nacha, Panthi & Soowa, Panthi and Pandwani are some of musical styles and dance dramas. Panthi is a famous musical way of singing Guru in this region. Famous renound festival of Chhattisgarh starts from Hareli where people celebrate in completion of crafting paddy a mark of greenery in the month of Sawan amawasya.Farmers worship farm equipment and cows on this occasion. Most of Chhattisgarhi festivals are craft and harvest oriented. Nag-Panchami, Teeja, Gouri-Goura, Surti, Pola Nava Kahwai Jetauni and Chher-Chhera are the main festivals of this area. The chief crop of this region is Paddy. This State have rich Minerals, Coal, Iron ore, Dolamite, Limestone, ample source of Electricity, forest and cheap labour cost. Wild life sanctuaries Barnawapara Sanctuary,Sita Nadi Sanctuary and Udanti Sanctuary .The sanctuaries are open throughout the year. The predominant species in the sanctuaries are deer and the most easily sighted are the graceful little chinkara, the Indian gazelle and the chital or spotted deer.
Apart from the mesmerizing dances songs of Dadra, Pandwani, Karma, Panthi and Suva, the region has National parks/Sanctuaries and has places of archaeological and religions importance such as Sirpur, Rajim, Malhar, Sita Bengra, Jogibhatta, Deepadih, Dantewada and Dongargarh where tourists come automatically. The ancient deposits of Chhattisgarh and Jain religion memorials are found at Malhar, Sirpur, Maheshpur and Arang. Innumerable monuments, finely carved temple, vihars, forts and palaces raise in the visitors mind visions of dynasties and kingdoms of great warriors and builders, of poets and musicians, of saints and philosophers, of Hindusim, Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity, and Islam.
Saint Guru Ghasidas of Satnami samaj, and the great poet and saint Kabirdas also hails from this state. Khubchand Baghel a famous social reformer from Kurmi Samaj belongs to this area and Karma Mata a great respected women has also impact on Sahu samaj of Chhattisgarh. Budha Deo (renamed of Lord Buddha) is main God being worshiped by most of the Tribles of this land. Mahamaya the mother of lord Buddha is being worshiped as a Powerful Goddess. Shirpur a measure educational Institute for Buddhist monk spreaded in 16 Kilometer area on the bank of Mahanadi reiver. A famous buddhist Drama dance center is situated in Sarguja Distrct. Narayanpur and Malhar where the big statue of Lord Buddha was found on escavation. It apears that whole Chhatisgarh was one time Buddhist dominated which is not being highlighted properly. The celebrated chinese traveler Huein Tsang visited this Buddhist state Chhattisgarh specialy Shirpur, Malhar , Narayanpur and Sarguja during middle of 7th century A.D.
GURU BALAKDAS son of Guru Ghasidas realy spreaded Satnam Panth in Chhattisgarh. He wore Sword and and secred thread by challanging the superiority of both Kshatriya and Brahmin who declared themselve as Swambhu of this land for nothing. Guru birthday is being celebrated on 8th day bhadra pad amavasya. He was highly knowledgeble, courageous and brave. He got the position of King and was having white elephant horses and other arms and ammunition to protect the society from ill-motive forces. He was always surrounded by armed guards while travelling to various parts of Chattisgarh. He conducted several "RAWATIES" and converted the common people in Satnam panth. Telasi is one of the prominent village where all the community Teli, Yadav, Kewat left their original caste and accepted the Satnam Panth. This was a big change in the history of Chhattisgarh. While spreading Satnam Panth he was assassinated by Savarna Hindus at Aurabandha village near Mungeli(Bilaspur).