History of Chhattisgarh & Trible state Bastar
Nearly half (44%) of the state is forested and offers a unique
panorama of flora and fauna. The national parks of Kanger Valley and Indravati,
the Sanctuaries of Udanti, Sitanadi, Barnawapara, Achanakmar, Gomardah, Tamorpingla
etc. Seasonal Chhattisgarhi folk songs are Fag (Basant Geet), Baramasi (12 months),
Sawnahi (in rainy seasons). Festival's related Chhattisgarhi folk songs are
Cher-Chera songs (in welcome of new crops, child songs), Dohe of Rout Nacha
(Dipawali), Sua songs (Dipawali). Regional folk songs are Goura songs (worships
Shivji & Parvati in Dipawali), Mata Seva songs, Janvara songs, Bhojali songs,
Dhankul songs, songs of Nagpanchami. Dantewada the kingdom of BARASUR who had deep fight with ARYANS when then tried to envade Chhattisgarh after capturing Ganges belt. Barasur was Naga tribe and he did not allow Aryans to enter in to their state rulled by Nagas tribe. The setting up of Nag dynesty at Jharkhand among Munda tribes and Gond at Chhattisgarh and tribes is looked upon by some as the acculturation process, while other consider it as spatial expansion of the OraonNaga and Chero Kingdom who were once the rulers of central part of India.The article presents a fresh look on the problem and also investigates into the inception of Nag dynasty on the basis of ethno-history of the people.
This region is supposed to be the seat of ancient Naga race who also were spread over the whole Indo-Gangetic Plains and whom the Aryans could not subjugate but only could brand them as snake or sarpa with best intension only known to them.They enjoyed supremacy over others in gallantry and administration whose totem name or cult was later incorporated in myth,legend and lineage name (Karve,1905:323).The Nags are said to have been associated with almost all great civilization-Mesapotamia,Rome,Greece and Egypt (Tavalkar,1979).D.D Kosambi (1965:86) states that Naga was a generic name for food gathering forest tribe and were a very respectable people. He further states (ibid. 93) apparently Naga became a generic term for forest aborigines,not necessarily connected or interrelated.who had a cobra (Nag) totem or worshipped the cobra as so many Indians aborigines (and not only aborigines) still do.The particular ‘Naga’ were in adjacent jungle at the time Kuru land was first settled by Aryans. Food gathering was much easier in Gangetic forest than in the open, semi desert basin or the foothills o the punjab. The same dense forest made it impossible to conquer the Nag or to reduce them otherwise to the status of tribals slaves, as had been possible with Dasa and Audra of the west. Naga line was friendly to and in some special relation with the Kurus, though not to the Pandavas.The term ‘Naga’ was not in vogue in vedic age for ethnic group (ibid,120), here it indicated aboriginal blood or at least aboriginal cult. And for that matter, Kolians the neighbours of Sakyan to whom Buddha belonged (ibid 109) were often counted among the aboriginals with the generic label ‘Naga”. So the term ‘Naga’ in all intent and purposes, denoted tribal groups or totemic groups of the tribals.
The rock-paintings of Singhanpur and Kabra mountains are quite famous among contemporary painting due to variety and style. Among remains of historical age, traces of bone, animal burial has been found in abundance in Raipur and Durg districts. Along with archaeology, the culture of Chhattisgarh is also quite famous. The tribal Kanwars, Kamar, Baiga. Halba, Korea, Pando, Birhai, Biniwar make the atmosphere cheerful by their dance and song, on the occasion of marriage and other festivals. The rice-bowl Chhattisgarh land has unique eroticism and Sweetness.
Loriya & playing songs of child are Loriya, Fugdi, Kau-Mau, Chau-Mau, Khuduwa (Kakdi), Dandi Pouha.Karma songs, Danda songs & Dewar songs are most popular of Entertainment songs in Dantewada. Gond, Uranv, Korva, Kol, Halba, Madiya and many schedule tribes are found in Dantewada. People of Dantewada specially celebrates dance, music, marriage and other cultural festivals like Navakhani, Ganga Dushhara, Sarhul Chherka, Dushara, Dipawali, Karma & Kartika.
BASTAR a Well known forest and mineral land
Dantewada is rich in its cultural heritage. Dantewada has its own dance styles ,cuisine, music & traditional folk songs in which sohar song, bihav song & Pathoni songs are very famous. Sohar songs are related to child birth, Bihav songs are related to marriage celebration . The main parts of Bihav songs are Chulmati, Telmati, Maymouri, Nahdouri, Parghani, Bhadoni and other songs related to Bhanver, Dowery and Vidai songs. Pathoni songs are related to gouna (departure of bride to bridegroom home).
Dantewada most famous and popular folk plays are Chandaini-Gonda, Sonha-Bihan, Lorik-Chanda, Kari, Hareli, Gammatiha. Rahas is modern folk plays of Dhamtari. Dantewada has its own dance styles ,cuisine, & music.Pandwani the musical narration of the epic Mahabharata ,"Raut Nacha"(The folk dance of cowherds), the Karma, the Panthi and Soowa dance styles are very popular in the region.Teejan Bai ,the Pandwani artist was awarded Padmashree for her contribution to this dance style. Ritu Verma is also a well known name.
The people of this region are very fond of colours. The dresses they wear are all colourful. Women too wear sarees with Kardhani. In rural areas women wear mala made of one rupee coins.Though this has gone out of trend these days.The people of this region are also known for creating humour out of language.Comical plays are very popular and are worth watching.The people also have a great tendency towards adopting new trends and life styles. Dantewada thus is multicultural for people from all over the world have com and settled in this region. Dantewada's people are also known for their simplicity, Kind hearted ness and adaptibility and this is the actual culture of Dantewada.
Offer the rare opportunity to see the wild buffalo, gaur, tiger, leopard, singing maina and wide variety of antelopes in sylvan surroundings. A variety of tradition in each of three geographical and cultural regions of Baghelkhand plateau, the plains of Mahandi basin, and the Dandkarnaya plateau of Bastar Have added colour to the states rich cultural tapestry, making it a many splendor land.
Women are fond of 'Kachhora' a typical manner of wearing saree. In fact women wearing 'Lugda' (saree) and 'Polkha' (blowse) with set of attractive ornaments are symbolic of tradition and heritage of Chhattisgarh. Various decorative items used by women are Baandha (necklace made of coins) and silver necklace 'suta', 'Phuli' for nose, 'Bali' and Khuntis for ears, 'Ainthi' (of silver worn on forearm), Patta, Choora (bangles), Kardhani on waist (a belt like thing made of silver), Pounchhi a ring for upper arm and Bichhiya worn on toes. Men also decorate themselves with Koundhi (necklace of beads) and Kadhah (bangle) for occasions like dances.
Children play 'GEDI' (walking on bamboo) from the festival of hareli to Pola. They display various feats on GEDI and participate in GEDI race. Hareli is also beginning of festivals for Chhattisgarhi people. Pola and Teeja follow Hareli. People celebrate POLA by worshipping Bullocks. Bull race is also a major event of the festival. Children play with Nandia-Bail (Nandi the Vahan of Lord Shiva) idols made of clay and fitted with clay wheels. Teeja is the festival of women. All married women pray for the welfare of their husbands on this occasion. The custom is to perform this prayer at the parents' place of the women . They eagerly wait for this occasion to come to spend some time at their birth places in festive and devotional mood. The feeling of togetherness and social harmony is filled in every festival and art of Chhattisgarh culture.
DEVADAS BANJARA A RENOUNED PANTHI DANCER
Devdas Banjara dances his way to success NEW DELHI, Jan 24: From a humble beginning in the tribal region of Chhattisgarh to platforms across the world, showcasing one's cultural heritage through award-winning performances had seemed to be an unattainable dream for Devdas Banjara. However, this exponent of the "Panthi" dance form from Dhanora village has realised his dream. His beaming face is proof enough of the fact. Thirty two years of dedication culminating in performances across 64 countries is the legacy, which Devdas today carries as he prepares to dance his way through the Republic Day parade here." I take great pride in preforming the panthi dance with my troop. We will accompany Chhattisgarh's first Republic Day tableaux, which will portray the newly formed state's unique identity, " says Devdas, talking to UNI.
The 'Panthi' dance belongs to the Satnami community residing in Chattisgarh, he explains. Their revered Guru is Ghasi Dasji, who is worshipped through song and dance. Elucidating the philosophy behind the dance form he says "It is the prime responsibility of every individual to maintain one's body and health so as to properly use the gifts of god and discharge one's responsibility in the correct manner and the dancers, in showing reverence to their Guru, perform various "Mudras" like Jait Khamb, Jai Stambh, Dharti Pranam (invocation to the land) and Phool Arpan (offering of flowers).
The 20-member troupe unfolded a visual extravaganza as they gave a preview earlier this week of the dance routine directed by Devdas. It will be presented at the grand finale on Republic Day. Asked about his aspirations, the Panthi dancer, who has popularised this form of dance around the world and is a teacher by profession, replies, "I live to impart my art to my pupils and spread awareness about the rich culture and traditions of Chhattisgarh". "Though I did not get any formal training in dance, I have imbibed it from my ancestors and I think I have tried to do justice to the art" says Devdas, whose troupe has won the first place in the world dance competition in Edinburgh in 1982 and walked away with the top honours at the International Dijon Festival '90 in France, in which 38 countries had participated. Back home, Devdas Banjara has received several honours. His troupe was felicitated with the President's Award in 1975.
At the 1994 Republic Day parade, the first prize was given to this dance form, which children of the south central zone, trained by him, presented. Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Ajit Jogi also conferred upon him the Guru Ghasi Das Award for uplift of Dalits and creating social awareness in 2000. This year too, Devdas and his troop of dancers, all of whom are from the Satnami community, are confident of a sterling performance. Breathing life into their performance will be the dancers' irrepressible spirit and their traditional costumes, consisting of the Ghungroo, the Dhoti and Kurta, the Kanthi (garland made of Tulsi), says Devdas and adds that indigenous musical instruments such as the Madhak (dhol) will be played to capture the rich legacy of culture and heritage that they have inherited. (UNI)